Elko, Nevada

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Elko is a city in Elko County, Nevada, United States. The population was 20,732 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Elko CountyGR6. The city is served primarily by Amtrak and also offers limited passenger air service via the Elko Regional Airport.

Contents

[edit] Geography

Elko is located at 40°50′11″N, 115°45′56″W (40.836396, -115.765525)GR1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.5 km² (14.5 mi²), all land.

[edit] Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 20.732 people, 8,505 households, and 5,287 families residing in the city. The population density was 445.2/km² (1,153.3/mi²). There were 6,948 housing units at an average density of 185.1/km² (479.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.5% White, 0.3% African American, 5.4% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.6% from other races, and 2.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.4% of the population.

There were 8,505 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.1% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.5 years. For every 100 females there were 104.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $48,656, and the median income for a family was $52,263. Males had a median income of $42,155 versus $26,823 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,680. About 6.1% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.

[edit] Culture

Each January, Elko is the host to the National Cowboy Poetry Gathering. This festival is a week-long celebration of life in the rural West, featuring the contemporary and traditional arts that arise from lives lived close to the land. Poetry, music, stories, gear, film, photography, food – all contribute to the texture of an event that has become an annual ritual for thousands of people who value the people and cultures that live and work in the American West.

Elko is the home to the Western Folklife Center, which is regional nonprofit organization that works to expand our understanding of the everyday traditions of people who live and work in the American West. The Western Folklife Center is located Downtown in the old Pioneer hotel.

Every July, Elko is host to the National Basque Festival. The Basque people are a rich culture that has roots deep in the Elko community. The "Basco Fiasco" as it is humorously referred to, is a celebration on traditional Basque culture and its ties to the Elko community. The festival includes strong man competitions, a running from the bulls, traditional food and wine, and Basque Dancing.

Elko is home to a number of casinos, including Stockmen's, the Commercial, the High Desert Casino, the Red Lion, and the Gold Country Motor Inn. The Commercial Casino is notable for having a stuffed ten foot tall polar bear on display. For many years the Red Lion brought gamblers to Elko from many parts of the country on junket flights. The flights to Elko ended in February of 2006.

Elko is also home to legal prostitution and contains five active brothels (Mona Lisa, Inez's, Mona's Ranch[1], Sharon's Brothel & Bar and Sue's Fantasy Club). Under Nevada law, any county with a population of less than 400,000 is allowed to license brothels if it so chooses.

The youth of Elko county have found that it is frustratingly boring to grow up in the area and have little to do on weekends. Unfortunately, many events are restricted to only those over the age of 21 (due to the casinos) leaving very little for teenagers to do. Only two theatres are in the city of Elko, restricting the area to very little selection. The arcades in the area are very small, contained in the casinos, or targeted to those in the demographic of 4-9 year olds. The entertainment in Elko is limited to gambling, drinking, prostitution, and the annual National Cowboy Poetry Gathering; all are illegal for those under 21 except for the poetry gathering which is targeted towards adults.

[edit] Transportation

Amtrak passenger rail is one source of transportation into and out of Elko. The city's passenger rail station is centrally located near the intersection of 12th and Silver Streets. Amtrak Train 5, the westbound California Zephyr, is scheduled to depart Elko at 3:21am every morning and provides service to Winnemucca, Sparks, Reno, Truckee, Colfax, Roseville, Sacramento, Davis, Martinez, and Emeryville across the bay from San Francisco. Amtrak Train 6, the eastbound California Zephyr, is scheduled to depart Elko at 9:41pm every evening and provides service to Salt Lake City, Provo, Helper, Green River, Grand Junction, Glenwood Springs, Denver, Omaha, Galesburg, and Chicago.

Elko is also served by Elko Regional Airport with daily air service to Salt Lake City (Delta Air Lines operated by SkyWest), Ely (Scenic Airlines), Reno (Scenic Airlines), and Las Vegas (Scenic Airlines). Starting in December of 2006, Scenic Airlines will no longer provide service to Elko. Up untill 2006, Xtra Airways provided service to the Elko area.

Elko is a major stop on the I-80 corridor in Nevada along with Winnemucca, Wendover and Reno.

[edit] External links

ga:Contae Elko, Nevada pl:Elko (Nevada)

Image:Flag of Nevada.svg State of Nevada
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Elko, Nevada

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