Japan Ground Self-Defense Force

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Image:JGSDF Chubu sokanbu.jpg
JGSDF Central force head office in Itami, Japan
Image:Tank type74 ja02.jpg
Tank Type 74 of Japan Ground Self Defense Force

The Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force (陸上自衛隊 Rikujō Jieitai?), or JGSDF, is the name of the military ground forces (army) of Japan.

Contents

[edit] Strength

The largest of the three services of the JSDF, the Ground Self-Defense Force operates under the command of the chief of the ground staff, based in the city of Ichikawa, east of Tokyo. Although allotted 180,000 slots for uniformed personnel, in 1992 the force was maintained at about 86 percent of that level (with approximately 156,000 personnel) because of funding constraints. The number of uniformed personnel is insufficient to enable an immediate shift onto emergency footing. Instead, the ratio of officers to enlisted personnel is high, requiring augmentation by reserves or volunteers in times of crisis. In 1992, however, GSDF reserve personnel, numbering 46,000, had received little professional training. Intended to deter attack, repulse a small invasion, or provide a holding action until reinforced by United States or Allied armed forces, the ground element is neither equipped nor staffed to offer more than a show of conventional defense by itself. Antitank artillery, ground-to-sea firepower and mobility were improved and surface-to-ship missiles were acquired in the Mid-Term Defense Estimate completed in FY 1990.

[edit] Organization

[edit] Tactical Organization

The GSDF consists of one armored division, twelve infantry divisions, one airborne brigade, two combined brigades, four training brigades, one artillery brigade with two groups, two air defense brigades with three groups, one helicopter brigade with twenty-four squadrons and two anti-tank helicopter platoons.

[edit] Special Forces

Special Forces units consist of the following:

[edit] Regional Organization

The GSDF is divided into five regional armies called "groups", each containing two to four divisions, antiaircraft artillery units, and support units.

  • The Northern Group, the largest, is headquartered on Hokkaido, where population and geographic constraints are less limiting than elsewhere.
    • has four divisions and artillery, antiaircraft artillery, and engineering brigades.
  • The Northeastern Group is headquartered in Sendai
    • two divisions.
  • The Eastern Group is headquartered in Ichikawa,
    • two divisions.
  • The Central Group, headquartered in Itami, has
    • three divisions plus:
    • a combined brigade located on Shikoku.
  • The Western Group, is headquartered at Kengun and has:
    • two divisions,
    • a combined brigade on Okinawa.

[edit] Training

In 1989, basic training for lower-secondary and upper-secondary school graduates began in the training brigade and lasted approximately three months. Specialized enlisted and non-commissioned officer (NCO) candidate courses were available in branch schools and qualified NCOs could enter an eight-to-twelve-week second lieutenant candidate program. Senior NCOs and graduates of an eighty-week NCO pilot course were eligible to enter officer candidate schools, as were graduates of the National Defense Academy at Yokosuka and graduates of four-year universities. Advanced technical, flight, medical and command and staff officer courses were also run by the GSDF. Like the maritime and air forces, the GSDF ran a youth cadet program offering technical training to lower-secondary school graduates below military age in return for a promise of enlistment.

Because of population density on the Japanese islands, only limited areas were available for large-scale training, and, even in these areas, noise restrictions were a problem. The GSDF tried to adapt to these conditions by conducting command post exercises and map maneuvers and by using simulators and other training devices.

[edit] Current Equipment

[edit] Tanks

[edit] Self-Propelled Artillery

[edit] Towed Artillery

[edit] Armoured Vehicles

  • Type 82 (500)
  • Type 96 (160)

[edit] Armoured personnel carriers

  • Type 60 (60)
  • Type 73 (340)

[edit] Attack Helicopters

  • AH-1S (90)
  • AH-64D (unknown - in process of replacing Cobras)

[edit] Observation Helicopters

[edit] Transport Helicopters

[edit] Past Equipment

[edit] Tanks

[edit] References

[edit] See also

Image:Flag of Japan.svg
 
Japan Self-Defense Forces<b>
Image:Flag of Japan.svg
Image:Flag of JSDF.svg Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (Army)   Image:Naval Ensign of Japan.svg Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (Navy)   Image:Roundel of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force.svg Japan Air Self-Defense Force (Air Force)
ko:일본 육상자위대

ja:陸上自衛隊

Japan Ground Self-Defense Force

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