Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Learn more about Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
|Duke of Edinburgh|
|Image:Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh cropped.jpg|
| Official Canadian Photographic Portait (2002)
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|Heir-Apparent||Charles, Prince of Wales|
|Consort to||Elizabeth II|
| Charles, Prince of Wales|
Anne, Princess Royal
Andrew, Duke of York
Edward, Earl of Wessex
| HRH The Duke of Edinburgh|
Lt Philip Mountbatten
HRH Prince Philippos of Greece and Denmark
|Royal House||House of Oldenburg|
|Father||Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark|
|Mother||Princess Alice of Battenberg|
|Born|| 10 June 1921|
Villa Mon Repos, Corfu
|Baptised||St. George's Church, the Palaio Frourio, Corfu|
Originally a Prince of Greece and Denmark, Prince Philip abandoned those titles to serve in the Royal Navy, but did not renounce them. In 1947, he married Princess Elizabeth, the heir to King George VI. Prince Philip is a member of the Danish Royal House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. Prior to his marriage, George VI created him Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich with the style of His Royal Highness. In 1957, Philip was created a Prince of the United Kingdom. Prince Philip took the anglicized name of his mother's family, Mountbatten (formerly Battenberg) after becoming a British citizen.
In addition to his royal duties, the Duke of Edinburgh is also the patron of many organisations, including the Duke of Edinburgh Award and the World Wide Fund for Nature, and he is a chancellor of both the University of Cambridge and University of Edinburgh. In particular, he has devoted himself to raising public awareness of the relationship of humanity with the environment since visiting the Southern Antarctic Islands in 1956, and has published and spoken widely for half a century on this subject. See Wikiquote excerpts from these speeches.
The prince continues to fulfil his public duties as a member of the British Royal Family, and is an established public figure in the United Kingdom. He has gained something of a reputation for making "politically incorrect" and often controversial remarks, particularly when meeting the British public or on state visits to other countries (see below).
 Early life
Prince Philippos of Greece and Denmark was born on 10 June 1921 atop a kitchen table at Villa Mon Repos on Corfu, a Greek island in the Ionian sea. His father was Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark, the fourth son of King George I of Greece, for whom some claim a partially Byzantine Greek descent, and Queen Olga. His mother was Princess Alice of Battenberg, the elder daughter of the 1st Marquess of Milford Haven (formerly Prince Louis of Battenberg) and his wife, the former Princess Victoria of Hesse and the Rhine. Lady Milford Haven, through her mother, the Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine (formerly Princess Alice of the United Kingdom), was a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. Philip's mother Princess Alice was also a sister of Queen Louise of Sweden; George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven; and Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma.
The Prince was baptised a few days after his birth at St. George's Church in the Palaio Frourio ("Old Fortress") in Corfu. His godparents were Queen Olga and the Corfu community (represented by Alexander S. Kokotos, Mayor of Corfu, and Stylianos I. Maniarizis, Chairman of Corfu City Council). In later life he has had a rediscovered interest in his original Greek Orthodox faith.
Prince Andrew and Princess Alice remained in residence on the Island of Corfu for 18 months. Greece was politically unstable, and it was expected that the monarchy would soon be overthrown. On 22 September 1922, Constantine I was forced to abdicate the throne. A revolutionary court sentenced Prince Andrew, his younger brother, to death. Fortunately for the family, George V ordered that the Royal Navy vessel, HMS Calypso, evacuate the family, and Philip was carried to safety in a cot made from an orange box.
Philip has survived his four older sisters, all of whom married German princes:
- Princess Margarita of Greece and Denmark (1905-1981) married Gottfried, 8th Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and had issue;
- Princess Theodora of Greece and Denmark (1906-1969) married Bertold, Margrave of Baden and had issue;
- Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark (1911-1937) married Georg Donatus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine, had issue;
- Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark (1914-2000) married first Prince Christoph of Hesse-Cassel, had issue, and second Prince George William of Hanover, had issue.
Prince and Princess Andrew, along with their children, fled to Paris where they took up residence at Saint-Cloud, in a villa belonging to Prince Andrew's sister-in-law Princess Marie Bonaparte. After being exiled, the marriage of Prince Philip's parents began to crumble. His father descended into alcoholism and gambling. His mother declined into mental instability and subsequent institutionalisation. She recovered and turned to religion. Afterwards, Prince Philip was to see little of them.
Prince Philip's education began at The American School of Paris in Saint-Cloud. However, his grandmother, Lady Milford Haven, advised her daughter to have him educated in England. He subsequently departed for the Surrey preparatory school Cheam.
Aged 12, Prince Philip departed England for Germany, studying at Schule Schloss Salem, a school in Southern Germany that belonged to Prince Maximilian of Baden, the father of his brother-in-law. The school was supervised by Kurt Hahn, an education pioneer who had been an early admirer and later a fierce critic of the Nazi party. By the time Hitler came to power in 1933, however, Hahn, who was Jewish, had become alarmed by the radical developments of Nazism and relocated to Scotland where he founded Gordonstoun. (He also founded the Outward Bound organization.) Prince Philip also left Germany, in 1936, and went to Gordonstoun where he flourished academically and socially. He was the head of the hockey and cricket teams, and eventually became head boy. Prince Philip was so fond of the school that he later sent The Prince of Wales, The Duke of York and The Earl of Wessex to Gordonstoun also, though his sons experienced the school with mixed results.
 Naval career
On 1 May 1939, Prince Philip began his naval career at Britannia Royal Naval College in Dartmouth as a Special Entry Cadet. In his training year, Philip won the prestigious King's Dirk and the prize for best cadet of his entry. The start of the Second World War meant that Prince Philip was soon on active duty.
In 1940 he served on HMS Ramilles in Colombo, Ceylon, as a Midshipman, patrolling the Indian Ocean and escorting troops from Australia to the Middle East. In 1941 he was transferred to HMS Valiant, a battleship stationed in Alexandria, Egypt. Philip acted as the searchlight control on the ship, helping to sink two Italian cruisers. Later service in the war saw Philip promoted to the rank of Lieutenant and serving during the invasion of Sicily. Philip was also present onboard HMS Whelp at the surrender of Japanese forces in Tokyo Bay.
| Styles of|
The Duke of Edinburgh
|Image:Prince Philip arms.png|
|Reference style||His Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
On 20 November 1947, Prince Philip married the heiress presumptive to the British throne, The Princess Elizabeth, eldest daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, his third cousin through Queen Victoria and second cousin, once-removed through Christian IX of Denmark. The couple married at Westminster Abbey in London with the ceremony recorded and broadcast by the BBC.
Before they could marry, Prince Philip was required to convert from Greek Orthodoxy to Anglicanism, to renounce his allegiance to the Hellenic Crown, and to become a naturalised British subject <ref>As a descendant of the Electress Sophia of Hanover through his mother, Princess Alice of Battenberg, Philip could already claim to be a naturalised British subject under the terms of the Sophia Naturalization Act passed in 1705. His naturalisation was at Lord Mountbatten's behest and merely undertaken out of an abundance of caution in the somewhat xenophobic atmosphere of the immediate postwar years.</ref>. He renounced his Greek and Danish royal titles on 18 March 1947 and decided to take the name Mountbatten, an Anglicised version of Battenberg, his mother's family name. The day before his wedding, King George VI titled his future son-in-law Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth, and Baron Greenwich, of Greenwich in the County of London.
The King also issued Letters Patent allowing the Duke of Edinburgh to use the style His Royal Highness. After their marriage, his wife became Her Royal Highness the Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh. On the popular but erroneous assumption that if Philip had the style of 'Royal Highness' he was automatically a prince, media reports often mentioned "Prince Philip", with or without reference to his ducal title. Although the princely prefix was omitted in the Regency Act of 1953 and in Letters Patent of November 1953 appointing Counsellors of State, it had been included in the Letters Patent of October 22 1948 conferring princely rank on children of his marriage to Princess Elizabeth. George VI, however, appears to have been clear and intentional in having withheld the princely title from his future son-in-law.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> From 1947 to 1957, Philip's correct style was His Royal Highness Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
In post-war Britain it was not acceptable to invite any of the Duke of Edinburgh's German relations to his wedding. The sole exception was his mother, who was born at Windsor of German parents. Excluded from the invitation list were his three surviving sisters, each of whom had married German aristocrats, some with Nazi connections. (His sister Princess Sophie's first husband, Prince Christophe of Hesse had been a member of the SS and an aide to Heinrich Himmler.) Also, the bride's aunt Mary, Princess Royal refused to attend because her brother, the Duke of Windsor (who abdicated in 1936), was not invited.
 Duke of Edinburgh
After their marriage, the Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh took up residence at Clarence House in London. The Duke was keen to pursue his naval career. However the knowledge that it would be eclipsed by his wife's future role as Queen was always in his mind. Nevertheless, he returned to the Navy after his honeymoon, and was stationed in Malta. He rose through the naval ranks and commanded his own frigate, HMS Magpie.
In January 1952, the Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh set off for a tour of the Commonwealth, with visits to Africa, Australia and New Zealand. On 6 February, when the Duke and Duchess were in Kenya, the Duchess's father, King George VI, died, and she ascended the Throne as Queen Elizabeth II. The Duke broke the news to the new Queen at their hotel (Tree Tops). The Duke was resigned to the fact that his naval career was now over, and he had a new role as the consort of the British monarch.
Unlike the wife of a British King, there is no corresponding role for the husband of a reigning Queen. In compensation, the Queen allowed Philip a free hand in the upbringing of their children, allowing Philip to decide on their education and future careers.
The accession of Elizabeth to the Throne brought up the question of the name of the Royal House. The Duke's uncle, Earl Mountbatten of Burma, had advocated the new name House of Mountbatten, as Elizabeth would typically have taken Philip's name on marriage. When Queen Mary, Elizabeth's grandmother, heard about this, she told Sir Winston Churchill who later advised the Queen to issue a proclamation declaring that the Royal House was to remain the House of Windsor. Philip bitterly remarked that he had been "turned into an amoeba".
In 1952, the Duke was given the rank and titles Admiral of the Fleet, Field Marshal, and Marshal of the Royal Air Force. He was also made the Captain-General of the Royal Marines. This was in tune with the tradition established by Queen Victoria, who did not wish to take a military role that women could not normally assume (though she did not appoint her prince consort to these positions).
The Duke of Edinburgh has supported the Queen in her role for well over 50 years. The Queen and Duke attend state visits abroad, and receive foreign dignitaries together. The Duke often carries out his own separate engagements on behalf of the Queen at home and abroad.
The Duke is also patron of many organisations. He established The Duke of Edinburgh's Award in 1956 to give young people "a sense of responsibility to themselves and their communities". The scheme now operates in 100 countries around the world. He has also been President of the World Wide Fund for Nature.
In 1956-1957, the Duke took a round-the-world voyage on board HMY Britannia, visiting remote islands of the Commonwealth. This was when he first became aware of the effects of human industrialisation on the natural environment.
On the golden jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II in 2002, the Duke was commended by the Speaker of the House of Commons for his role in supporting the Queen during her reign.
One of the most controversial aspects of the Duke was his relationship with his daughters-in-law, Diana, Princess of Wales and Sarah, Duchess of York. He was alleged to have been hostile to Diana after her divorce from the Prince of Wales. Mohamed Al-Fayed, the father of Diana's companion Dodi Al-Fayed and owner of Harrods, even suggested in court that the Duke was responsible for ordering Diana's death, remarks that led the Duke and the other members of the Royal Family to rescind their Royal Warrants from Harrods.
 Personal life
Throughout Philip's marriage, rumours have spread about alleged extra-marital affairs.
The first public media report of the allegation appeared in 1957 in the Baltimore Sun, which claimed "REPORT QUEEN, DUKE IN RIFT OVER PARTY GIRL". In a break with precedent, Buckingham Palace commented on the story, denying it in a forthright manner. Australia's Woman's Day front page once promised readers a detailed exposé of "Prince Philip's torrid sex life" with his "famous lovers named", and The Tatler once published Philip's 'fan club', a list of famous women close to him, implying that they were his mistresses. Author Nicholas Davies has suggested that the Prince's lovers included his wife's cousin, Princess Alexandra of Kent, film star Merle Oberon, and Susan Barrantes, mother of Sarah, Duchess of York. One rumour even claimed Philip had a homosexual affair with former President of France Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, while other rumours included an actress, a 1950s personality and supposedly a childhood friend with whom he allegedly had children. Sarah Bradford, a respected biographer of King George VI and Elizabeth II, has expressed her belief that Philip committed adultery. Lauren Bacall has even suggested that Philip used his 'close friends' the actors David Niven and Douglas Fairbanks, Jr to act as his 'beard' (pretending to be escorting women who were in reality Philip's girlfriends).
One German newspaper even claimed in 1995 that Buckingham Palace had confirmed that Prince Philip was the father of 24 illegitimate children, only to retract the claim when they realised that they had mistranslated information from the Palace that had said he had 24 godchildren.
However, the Prince's most recent biographer, Gyles Brandreth, who interviewed Prince Philip, Kirkwood, Boyle, Cordet and friends, concluded that all the rumours were untrue; Kirkwood only met Philip socially on a handful of occasions, as did Boyle. The rumours concerning Cordet originated because she had had two children with her future second husband while separated from her first husband, but had declined at the time to name the father of her children, leading to rumours that it was her close friend Philip who was the father. Nor were Niven nor Fairbanks, contrary to Bacall's claims, more than casual acquaintances of Philip's. Brandreth concluded that Philip had not had any sexual relationship outside his marriage, believing that it would have been out of character, given his personal devotion to the Queen, and also no independent verified evidence, even in the most widely believed cases, could be found. Philip himself noted how his face is internationally recognised and that he has been accompanied continually since 1947 by police and detectives, so that extra-marital relationships could not have been carried out and had they been, would invariably have been discovered. While the rumours spread, no British tabloid has ever unearthed evidence to support the claims, which - given the tabloids' predilictions for publishing lurid scandals - tends to support the position that Prince Philip has been nothing other than faithful to his wife.<ref>For details of the rumours surrounding Prince Philip's life, see Gyles Brandreth, Philip & Elizabeth: Portrait of a Marriage (Arrow, 1994) pp.335-369.</ref> "I am the type who enjoys loyal company at Balmoral, if you catch my drift".
Prince Philip is considered a god among the Yaohnanen tribe of the island of Tanna in Vanuatu. According to the legends of the Prince Philip Movement, Philip is the human face of an ancestral spirit, and they wait for him to return to them.
 Royal status
In May 1954 Prime Minister Churchill received a written suggestion from the Queen that her husband be granted the title "Prince of the Commonwealth", or some other suitable augmentation of his style. Churchill preferred the title "Prince Consort" and the Foreign Secretary preferred "Prince of the Realm". While the Commonwealth prime ministers were assembled in London, against his better judgment but at the Queen's behest, Churchill informally solicited their opinions. Canada's leader was the only one to express "misgivings". Meanwhile, the Duke insisted to the Queen that he objected to any enhancement of his title, and she instructed Churchill to drop the matter. <ref name="veldephilip">Template:Cite web</ref> In February 1955, South Africa belatedly made known that it, too, would object to the "Prince of the Commonwealth" title. When told, the Queen continued to express the wish that her husband's position be raised, but rejected the Cabinet's recommendations to confer upon him either the title "Prince Consort" or "Prince Royal". By March 1955 the Cabinet was recommending that Philip's new title be simply "His Royal Highness the Prince". But the Queen was advised that if she still preferred "Prince of the Commonwealth" her personal secretary could write to the Commonwealth's governors general directly for their response, but warned her that if their consent was not unanimous the proposal could not go forward. The matter appears to have been left there until the publication on February 8 1957 of an article by P. Wykeham-Bourne in the Evening Standard entitled "Well, is it correct to say Prince Philip?" A few days later Prime Minister Harold Macmillan and his Cabinet reversed the advice of the previous ministers, formally recommending that the Queen reject "The Prince" in favour of "Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Her other Realms and Territories", only to change this advice, after she consented, to delete even the vague reference to the Commonwealth countries. Letters Patent were issued, and according to the announcement in the London Gazette, the Queen's husband officially became His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. She inserted the capitalized definite article, a usage normally restricted to the children of monarchs.<ref name="veldephilip"/>
An Order-in-Council was issued in 1960, which stated the surname of male-line descendants of the Duke and the Queen who are not Royal Highnesses or Prince or Princess was to be Mountbatten-Windsor. This was to address the Duke's complaint that he was the only father in the country unable to pass his name to his children. In practice, however, the Queen and the Duke's children have all used Mountbatten-Windsor as the surname they prefer for themselves and their male-line children.
After her accession to the throne, the Queen also announced that the Duke was to have place, pre-eminence and precedence next to the Queen on all occasions and in all meetings, except where otherwise provided by Act of Parliament. This means the Duke is the first gentleman of the land, and takes precedence over his son, the Prince of Wales except, officially, in Parliament. In fact, however, he only attends Parliament when escorting the Queen for the annual Speech from the Throne, whereat he walks and is seated beside her.
The Queen has never granted the Duke the title of Prince Consort. This title was granted to Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha by his wife, Queen Victoria, and has not been used since by a British consort (it is however currently used by Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark).
 Coat of Arms
The Duke has his own personal coat of arms, created on 19 November 1947. Unlike the arms used by other members of the Royal Family, the Duke's arms do not feature the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom, as men are not entitled to bear the arms of their wives. However they do feature elements representing Greece and Denmark, from which he is descended in the male line; the Mountbatten family arms, from which he is descended in the female line; and the City of Edinburgh, representing his dukedom.
The shield is quartered, the first quarter depicting the arms of Denmark, consists of three blue lions passant and nine red hearts on a yellow field. The second quadrant depicts the arms of Greece, a white cross on a blue field. The third quarter depicts the arms of the Mountbatten family, five black and white vertical stripes. The fourth quarter depicts the arms of the City of Edinburgh includes a black and red castle which is also part of the city of Edinburgh's arms.
The dexter supporter is a savage from the Danish Royal Coat of Arms; the sinister a golden lion (a traditional English symbol) wearing a ducal cornet.
The coat features both the motto God is my help and the motto of the Order of the Garter, Honi soit qui mal y pense (Shamed be he who thinks ill of it) on a representation of the Garter behind the shield.
 Children and grandchildren
|The Prince Charles, Prince of Wales||14 November 1948||married (29 July 1981) and divorced (28 August 1996) Lady Diana Spencer (1961-1997)|
married (9 April 2005) Camilla Parker-Bowles
|Prince William of Wales (born 1982)|
Prince Harry of Wales (born 1984)
|The Princess Anne, Princess Royal||15 August 1950||married (14 November 1973) and divorced (28 April 1992) Captain Mark Phillips (born 1948)|
married (12 December 1992) Commander (now Rear Admiral) Timothy Laurence
|Peter Phillips (born 1977)|
Zara Phillips (born 1981)
|The Prince Andrew, Duke of York||19 February 1960||married (23 July 1986) and divorced (30 May 1996) Sarah Ferguson (born 1959)||Princess Beatrice of York (born 1988) |
Princess Eugenie of York (born 1990)
|The Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex||10 March 1964||married (19 June 1999) Sophie Rhys-Jones (born 1965)||The Lady Louise Windsor (born 2003)|
 Titles and honours
 Shorthand titles
- Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, RN (18 March–18 November 1947)
- Lieutenant Sir Philip Mountbatten, KG, RN (18 November–19 November 1947)
- Lieutenant His Royal Highness Sir Philip Mountbatten, KG, RN (19 November–20 November 1947)
- His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh, KG (20 November 1947–4 December 1951)
- His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh, KG, PC (4 December 1951–21 April 1952)
- His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh, KG, KT, PC (21 April 1952–22 May 1953)
- His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh, KG, KT, GBE, PC (22 May 1953–22 February 1957)
- His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, KG, KT, GBE, PC, (22 February 1957–10 June 1968)
- His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, KG, KT, OM, GBE, PC, (10 June 1968– 15 November 1981)
- His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, KG, KT, OM, GBE, PC, (15 November 1981 - 1982)
- His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, KG, KT, OM, GBE, QSO, PC, CD (1982–13 June 1988)
- His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, KG, KT, OM, GBE, AC, QSO, PC, CD (13 June 1988—)
- Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter
- Knight of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle
- Order of Merit
- Grand Master and First and Principal Knight Grand Cross of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire
- Companion in the Order of Australia
- Companion in Queen's Service Order
- Canadian Forces Decoration
- Lord of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council
- Privy Councillor for Canada
- Chief of the Order of Logohu (2005) 
- Admiral of the Fleet, Royal Navy
- Admiral of the Fleet, Royal Australian Navy
- Admiral of the Fleet, Royal New Zealand Navy
- Admiral, Royal Canadian Sea Cadets
- Captain General, Royal Marines
- Field Marshal, Army
- Field Marshal, Australian Army
- Marshal of the Royal Air Force, Royal Air Force
- Marshal of the Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Australian Air Force
- Colonel-in-Chief, The Royal Canadian Regiment
- Colonel-in-Chief, Royal Canadian Army Cadets
- Air Commodore-in-Chief, Air Training Corps
- Colonel-in-Chief, Royal Australian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers 
- Colonel-in-Chief, Australian Army Cadets
- Liveryman of the Worshipful Company of Fishmongers
- The Concise British Flora in Colour by William Keble Martin, Ebury Press/ Michael Joseph (1965)
- British Flags and Emblems by Graham Bartram, Tuckwell Press (2004)
 Controversial remarks
The Duke is well-known in Britain for cracking jokes during public visits, that can come across as blunt, insensitive, and sometimes racist. <ref>"Caught on tape: Infamous gaffes", BBC, September 19, 2006.</ref>
- Speaking to a driving instructor in Scotland, he asked: "How do you keep the natives off the booze long enough to get them through the test?".<ref>"Long line of princely gaffes", BBC, March 1, 2002.</ref>
- When visiting China in 1986, he told a group of British students, "If you stay here much longer, you'll all be slitty-eyed".<ref>"Long line of princely gaffes", BBC, March 1, 2002.</ref>
- After accepting a gift from a Kenyan citizen he replied, "You are a woman, aren't you?"<ref>"Long line of princely gaffes", BBC, March 1, 2002.</ref>
- "If it has four legs and is not a chair, has wings and is not an aeroplane, or swims and is not a submarine, the Cantonese will eat it." (1986)<ref>"Long line of princely gaffes", BBC, March 1, 2002.</ref>
- In 1966 he remarked that "British women can't cook." <ref>"Long line of princely gaffes", BBC, March 1, 2002.</ref>
- To a British student in Papua New Guinea: "You managed not to get eaten then?"<ref>"Long line of princely gaffes", BBC, March 1, 2002.</ref>
- Angering local residents in Lockerbie when on a visit to the town in 1993, the Prince said to a man who lived in a road where 11 people had been killed by wreckage from the Pan Am jumbo jet: "People usually say that after a fire it is water damage that is the worst. We are still trying to dry out Windsor Castle."<ref>"Prince Philip's gaffes", BBC, August 10, 1999.</ref>
- On a visit to the new Welsh Assembly in Cardiff, he told a group of deaf children standing next to a Jamaican steel drum band, "Deaf? No wonder you are deaf standing so close to that racket."<ref>"Deaf insulted by duke's remark", BBC, May 27, 1999.</ref><ref>"Long line of princely gaffes", BBC, March 1, 2002.</ref>
- He asked an Indigenous Australian, "Still throwing spears?" (2002)<ref>"Prince Philip's spear 'gaffe'", BBC, March 1, 2002.</ref><ref>"Long line of princely gaffes", BBC, March 1, 2002.</ref>
- When touring a dog training centre for the deaf and the blind, he is rumoured to have enquired whether they train eating dogs for the anorexic.
- Said to a Briton in Budapest, Hungary, "You can't have been here that long – you haven't got a pot belly." (1993)<ref>"Long line of princely gaffes", BBC, March 1, 2002.</ref>
- To the President of Nigeria, who was dressed in traditional African robes, "You look like you're ready for bed!"
- To Lord Taylor of Warwick, who is black: "And what exotic part of the world do you come from?" Lord Taylor: "I'm from Birmingham."
- Seeing a shoddily installed fuse box in a high-tech Edinburgh factory, HRH remarked that it looked "like it was put in by an Indian".<ref>"Royal apology for race remark", BBC, August 10, 1999.</ref>
- During a Royal visit to China in 1986 he described Peking as "ghastly".<ref>"Prince Philip's gaffes", BBC, August 10, 1999.</ref>
- "Aren't most of you descended from pirates?" (in 1994, to an islander in the Cayman Islands)<ref>"Long line of princely gaffes", BBC, March 1, 2002.</ref>
- At the height of the recession in 1981 he said: "Everybody was saying we must have more leisure. Now they are complaining they are unemployed."<ref>"Long line of princely gaffes", BBC, March 1, 2002.</ref>
- Upon presenting a Duke of Edinburgh Award to a student, when informed that the young man was going to help out in Romania for six months, he asked if the student was going to help the Romanian orphans; upon being informed he was not, he said words to the effect of "Good, they [the Romanians] breed orphans over there."
- At Salford University, he told a 13 year old aspiring astronaut: "Well, you'll never fly in it, you're too fat."<ref>"Prince tells boy: You're too fat for spaceship", Manchester Evening News, July 26, 2001.</ref>
- In 1997, the Duke of Edinburgh, participating in an already controversial British visit to the Amritsar Massacre Monument, provoked outrage in India and in the UK with an offhand comment. Having observed a plaque claiming 2,000 casualties, Prince Philip observed, "That's not right. The number is less."
- During a Royal visit to a Tamil Hindu temple in London , he asked a Hindu priest if he was related to the terrorist Tamil Tigers.<ref>"Long line of princely gaffes", BBC, March 1, 2002.</ref>
|Line of succession to the British Throne||Succeeded by:|
Maximilian, Margrave of Baden
|United Kingdom Order of Precedence|
HRH The Prince of Wales
1952 – present
Incumbent (likely Camilla, The Duchess of Cornwall)
|Duke of Edinburgh|
1947 – present
incumbent (Heir-Apparent: Charles, Prince of Wales)
|Grand Master of the Order of the British Empire|
 Notes and references
 External links
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