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Viceroyalty of Peru

Viceroyalty of Peru

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Image:Flag of Peru.svg
History of Peru
Timeline
Ancient Peru
Caral
Chavin
Paracas
Moche
Nazca
Tiahuanaco
Wari
Chimu
Inca Empire
Colonial Peru
The Conquest
Viceroyalty of Peru
Republic of Peru
Independence
Peru-Bolivian Confederacy
War of the Pacific
Peruvian-Ecuadorian Territorial Dispute

Created in 1542, the Viceroyalty of Peru (in Spanish, Virreinato del Perú) was a Spanish colonial administrative district. It originally contained most of Spanish-ruled South America, until its impossibly large size dictated that other Viceroyalites be split from it to facilitate governance. The viceroyalty officially lasted until 1824, when the last viceroy, José de la Serna e Hinojosa, surrendered to Simón Bolívar after the Battle of Ayacucho.

The Viceroyalty of Peru was divided into audiencias, or administrative divisions. Each of these was governed by a regional governor who was controlled by the Viceroy of Peru. These divisions included the following (with dates of creation):

With the creation of the Viceroyalty of New Granada (now Colombia, Ecuador, Panama and Venezuela) in 1717, the Audiencias of Panama, Santa Fe de Bogota, and Quito were detached; with the establishment of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (now Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay) in 1776, the Audiencia of Buenos Aires was similarly lost.

[edit] List of Viceroys

[edit] See also

de:Vizekönigreich Peru es:Virreinato del Perú fr:Vice-royauté du Pérou la:Viceregnum Peruvianum lt:Peru Vicekaralystė pl:Wicekrólestwo Peru

Viceroyalty of Peru

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