101st Airborne Division

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101st Airborne Division (Air Assault)
Image:101DIV.jpg
U.S. 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) Shoulder Insignia
Active August 15 1942November 30 1946
19481950
1954–present
Allegiance Federal
Branch Regular Army
Type Division
Role Air assault infantry
Part of XVIII Airborne Corps
Garrison/HQ Fort Campbell
Nickname Screaming Eagles
Motto “Rendezvous With Destiny”
Mascot Bald Eagle
Battles/wars World War II
Vietnam War
Desert Shield
Desert Storm
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Commanders
Current
commander
MG Jeffrey J. Schloesser
Notable
commanders
Anthony McAuliffe
Maxwell Taylor

The 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault)—nicknamed the “Screaming Eagles”—is an airborne division of the United States Army primarily trained for air assault operations. During the Vietnam War, the 101st was redesignated an airmobile division, and later as an air assault division. For historical reasons, it keeps the identifier "airborne", but does not conduct parachute operations at a division level. Many modern members of the 101st are graduates of the U.S. Army Air Assault School, and wear the Air Assault Badge, but it is not a prerequisite to be assigned to the division. The division is headquartered at Fort Campbell, Kentucky and is currently serving in Iraq.

Contents

[edit] History

[edit] World War II

The division was activated on August 15, 1942 at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana. On August 19, 1942, its first commander, Major General William C. Lee, promised his new recruits that the 101st had a "rendezvous with destiny."

General Order Number Six, which gave birth to the division, reads:

The 101st Airborne Division, activated at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana, has no history, but it has a rendezvous with destiny. Like the early American pioneers whose invincible courage was the foundation stone of this nation, we have broken with the past and its traditions in order to establish our claim to the future.
Due to the nature of our armament, and the tactics in which we shall perfect ourselves, we shall be called upon to carry out operations of far-reaching military importance and we shall habitually go into action when the need is immediate and extreme.
Let me call your attention to the fact that our badge is the great American eagle. This is a fitting emblem for a division that will crush its enemies by falling upon them like a thunderbolt from the skies.
The history we shall make, the record of high achievement we hope to write in the annals of the American Army and the American people, depends wholly and completely on the men of this division. Each individual, each officer and each enlisted man, must therefore regard himself as a necessary part of a complex and powerful instrument for the overcoming of the enemies of the nation. Each, in his own job, must realize that he is not only a means, but an indispensable means for obtaining the goal of victory. It is, therefore, not too much to say that the future itself, in whose molding we expect to have our share, is in the hands of the soldiers of the 101st Airborne Division.

During World War II, the Pathfinders of the 101st Airborne Division led the way on D-Day in the night drop prior to the invasion. They left from RAF North Witham having trained there with the elite, veteran 82nd Airborne Division

On August 25 1944 the division became part of the XVIII Airborne Corps in the First Allied Airborne Army. As part of this formation, the division took part in Operation Market Garden.

Image:Bastogne 101 troops.jpg
101st Airborne troops retrieving air dropped supplies during the Battle of Bastogne
During the Battle of the Bulge the 101st, as one of the few forces available to contain the German advance was rushed forward by truck to defend the vital road junction of Bastogne. Famously, Brigadier General Anthony McAuliffe answered the German demand for surrender with the reply "To the German Commander: NUTS! -The American Commander" and the division fought on until the siege was lifted and the German advance halted.

On 1 August 1945, the 101st Airborne Division left Germany for Auxerre, France, to begin training for the invasion of Japan. When Japan surrendered two weeks later, the operation became unnecessary. The 101st deactivated on 30 November at Auxerre.

For their efforts during World War II, the 101st Airborne Division was awarded four campaign streamers and two Presidential Unit Citations. The division suffered 1,766 Killed In Action; 6,388 Wounded In Action; and 324 Died of Wounds during World War II.

[edit] Units

[edit] Helmet insignia

The 101st is made famous partly by their helmet decorations. The soldiers used card suits (diamonds, spades, hearts, and clubs) to indicate the regiment to which they belonged.

  • These insignias were first seen in WWII, and can still be seen on 101st Division soldiers today.

[edit] Reactivation

The 101st Airborne Division was reactivated as a training unit at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky, in 1948 and again in 1950. It was reactivated again in 1954 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina, and in March 1956, the 101st was transferred, less personnel and equipment, to Fort Campbell, Kentucky, to be reorganized as a combat division.

[edit] Civil rights

From September through November of 1957 elements of the division were deployed to Little Rock, Arkansas, by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to enforce Federal court orders during the Little Rock Crisis.

[edit] Vietnam War

In the mid-1960s, the 1st Brigade and support troops were deployed to the Republic of Vietnam, followed by the rest of the division in late 1967. In almost seven years of combat in Vietnam, elements of the 101st participated in 15 campaigns. Notable among these were the Battle of Hamburger Hill in 1969 and Firebase Ripcord in 1970. The 101st was deployed in the northern I Corps region operating against the NVA infiltration routes through Laos and the A Shau Valley. Elements of the division supported the ARVN Operation Lam Son 719, the invasion of southern Laos, in 1971, but only aviation units actually entered Laos. In the seven years that all or part of the division served in Vietnam it suffered 4,011 Killed In Action and 18,259 Wounded In Action.

In 1968, the 101st took on the structure and equipment of an airmobile division. Today, the 101st stands as the Army's and the world's only air assault division with unequaled strategic and tactical mobility. In 1974, the training of the 101st was recognized with the creation of the Air Assault Badge, now a service wide decoration of the United States Army.

[edit] Post-Vietnam

Tragedy struck the division on December 12, 1985. A civilian aircraft, Arrow Air Flight 1285, chartered to transport some of the division from peacekeeping duty with the Multinational Force Observers on the Sinai Peninsula to Kentucky, crashed near Gander, Newfoundland. All eight air crew members and 248 US servicemen died, most were from the 3d Battalion, 502d Infantry. The crash was the worst in Canadian aviation history. President Ronald Reagan and his wife Nancy travelled to Fort Campbell to comfort grieving family members.

[edit] Persian Gulf War

In January 1991, the 101st once again had its "Rendezvous with Destiny" in Iraq during the combat air assault into enemy territory. The 101st sustained no soldiers killed in action during the 100-hour war and captured thousands of enemy prisoners of war.

The division has supported humanitarian relief efforts in Rwanda and Somalia, then later supplied peacekeepers to Haiti and Bosnia.

[edit] Iraq War

In 2003, Major General David H. Petraeus ("Eagle 6") led the Screaming Eagles to war during the 2003 invasion of Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom). The division was in V Corps, providing support to the 3rd Infantry Division by clearing Iraqi strongpoints which that division had bypassed. The Division then went on to a tour of duty as part of the occupation forces of Iraq, using the city of Mosul as their primary base of operations, before being withdrawn in early 2004 for rest and refit. As part of the Army's modular transformation, the existing infantry brigades, artillery brigade, and aviation brigades were transformed. The Army also re-activated the 4th Brigade Combat Team (known as "Currahee", and not active since World War II) and its subordinate units, to form a seven major units division (four infantry BCTs, two aviation BCTs, and one support Unit of Action), making it the largest formation currently in the U.S. Army.

The division's second deployment to Iraq began in the late summer of 2005. The division headquarters replaced the 42nd Infantry Division, which had been directing security operations as the headquarters for Task Force Liberty. Renamed Task Force Band of Brothers, the 101st assumed responsibility on November 1, 2005 for four provinces in north central Iraq: Salah ad Din, Kirkuk, Diyala and As Sulymaniyah. On December 30, 2005, Task Force Band of Brothers also assumed responsibility for training Iraqi security forces and conducting security operations in Ninevah and Dahuk provinces as the headquarters for Task Force Freedom was disestablished.

During the second deployment, 2nd and 4th Brigades of the 101st Airborne Division were assigned to conduct security operations under the command of Task Force Baghdad, led initially by 3rd Infantry Division, which was replaced by 4th Infantry Division.

Task Force Band of Brothers' primary mission during its second deployment to Iraq was the training of Iraqi security forces. When the 101st returned to Iraq, there were no Iraqi units capable of assuming the lead for operations against Iraqi and foreign terrorists. As the division concluded its tour, 33 battalions were in the lead for security in assigned areas, and two of four Iraq divisions in northern Iraq were commanding and controlling suborinate units.

Simultaneously with training Iraqi Soldiers and their leaders, 101st Soldiers conducted numerous security operations against terrorist cells operating in the division's assigned, six-province area of operations. Operation Swarmer was the largest air assault operation conducted in Iraq since April 22, 2003. 1st Brigade conducted Operation Scorpion with Iraqi units near Kirkuk.

Developing other aspects of Iraqi society also figured in 101st operations in Iraq. Division commander Maj. Gen. Thomas Turner hosted the first governors' conference for the six provinces in the division's area of operations, as well as the neighboring province of Erbil.[1] Numerous civil affairs operations were directed by the division, including the construction and renovation of schools, clinics, police stations, and other important landmarks in civilian communities from Turkey to Baghdad and from the Syrian border to the Iranian border.

On March 20, 2006, The New York Times reported that "Police investigators in Salahudin Province have accused American troops of executing 11 civilians, including several children, during a raid last Wednesday on a house in Ishaqi, near Balad, about 60 miles north of Baghdad." On June 2,BBC News reported this again as video tape emerged a few weeks after Haditha revelations. On June 19, the US military announced that three soldiers of the 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 101st Airborne Division, Private First Class Corey R. Clagett, Specialist William B. Hunsaker and Staff Sergeant Raymond L. Girouard, are being charged in connection of the deaths of three male detainees in an operation near a canal north of Baghdad on May 9. On June 21, a fourth soldier was charged.<ref>"US troops 'smiled before killing'", BBC, August 2, 2006. (URL accessed August 2, 2006)</ref>

In July of 2006, five troopers were charged in connection with the rape and murder of an Iraqi teenager, and the murder of three of her family members. The incident took place in Mahmoudiya, south of Baghdad. Previously, an arrest in the case was also made in June of 2006 when former trooper Steven D. Green was apprehended in North Carolina. On November 17, 2006 Specialist James Barker was sentenced to life in prison for the incident.


[edit] General information

[edit] Subordinate Units

  • 501st Special Troops Battalion
    • 501st STB, Headquarters ("Gladiators")
    • 501st STB, A Company
    • 501st STB, B Company
    • 101st Division Band
    • 501st STB, MI DET
    • 501st STB, SIG DET
    • 501st STB, E Company
    • 501st STB, PATH
  • 1st Brigade Combat Team ("Bastogne")
    • HHC, 1st BCT ("Warriors")
    • 1-327th Infantry Regiment ("Above the Rest")
    • 2-327th Infantry Regiment ("No Slack")
    • 1st Squadron (RSTA), 32d Cavalry
    • 2-320th Field Artillery Battalion ("Balls of the Eagle")
    • 1st Special Troops Battalion
    • 426th Brigade Support Battalion ("Taskmasters")
  • 2d Brigade Combat Team ("Strike")
  • 3d Brigade Combat Team ("Rakkasans")
    • HHC, 3d BCT
    • 1-187th Infantry Regiment ("Leader Rakkasans")
    • 3-187th Infantry Regiment ("Iron Rakkasans")
    • 1st Squadron (RSTA), 33d Cavalry ("War Rakkasans")
    • 3-320th Field Artillery Battalion ("Red Knight")
    • 381st Brigade Troops Battalion
    • 626th Brigade Support Battalion ("Assurgam")
    • 3rd Special Troops Battalion("Rak Solid")
  • 4th Brigade Combat Team ("Currahee")
    • HHC, 4th BCT
    • 1-506th Infantry Regiment
    • 2-506th Infantry Regiment
    • 1st Squadron (RSTA), 61st Cavalry
    • 4-320th Field Artillery Battalion
    • 4th Brigade Troops Battalion
    • 801st Brigade Support Battalion
  • 101st Aviation Brigade ("Wings of Destiny")
    • HHC, 101st Aviation Brigade
    • 2-17 Air Cavalry Squadron ("Out Front")
    • 1-101st Aviation Battalion ("Expect No Mercy")
    • 2-101st Aviation Battalion ("Eagle Warrior")
    • 5-101st Aviation Battalion ("Eagle Assault")
    • 6-101st Aviation Battalion ("Shadow of the Eagle")
    • 96th Aviation Battalion ("Troubleshooters")
  • 159th Aviation Brigade ("Eagle Thunder")
    • HHC, 159th Aviation Brigade
    • 7-17th Air Cavalry Squadron
    • 3-101st Aviation Battalion ("Eagle Attack")
    • 4-101st Aviation Battalion ("Wings of the Eagles")
    • 7-101st General Support Aviation Battalion (GSAB) ("Eagle Lift")
    • 563rd Aviation Support Battalion ("Keep Them Fighting")
  • 101st Sustainment Brigade ("Life Liners")
    • DMMC
    • 63d Chemical Company
    • 106th Transportation Battalion
    • 372d TC Company
    • 594th TC Company
    • 613th MCT
    • 632d MCT
    • 129th Combat Support Battalion
    • 494th TC Company
    • 561st Combat Support Battalion
    • 95th Maint
    • 102d Quartermaster Company
    • 196th Quartermaster Detachment
    • 227th GS Company
    • 541st TC Company
    • 584th Maintenance Company
    • 717th EOD Detachment
    • 101st Sustainment Brigade Troops Battalion
    • 101st SSB
  • 2-44th Air Defense Artillery Battalion ("Strike Fear")
  • 887th Engineer Company (LE) ("Empire")
  • 86th CSH ("Eagle Medics")

[edit] Lineage

[edit] Division

  • Constituted 23 July 1918 in the National Army as Headquarters, 101st Division
  • Organized 2 November 1918 at Camp Shelby, Mississippi
  • Demobilized 11 December 1918 at Camp Shelby, Mississippi
  • Reconstituted 24 June 1921 in the Organized Reserves as Headquarters, 101st Division
  • Organized 10 September 1921 at Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Redesignated 31 March 1942 as Division Headquarters, 101st Division
  • Disbanded 15 August 1942; concurrently, reconstituted in the Army of the United States as Headquarters, 101st Airborne Division, and activated at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana
  • Inactivated 30 November 1945 in France
  • Allotted 25 June 1948 to the Regular Army
  • Activated 6 July 1948 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky
  • Inactivated 27 May 1949 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky
  • Activated 25 August 1950 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky
  • Inactivated 1 December 1953 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky
  • Activated 15 May 1954 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina
  • Reorganized and redesignated 3 February 1964 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 101st Airborne Division

[edit] 1st Brigade

  • Constituted 24 June 1921 in the Organized Reserves as Headquarters Company, 101st Division
  • Organized in November 1921 at Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Reorganized and redesignated 31 March 1942 as Headquarters and Military Police Company (less Military Police Platoon), 101st Division
  • Disbanded 15 August 1942; concurrently reconstituted in the Army of the United States as Headquarters Company, 101st Airborne *Division, and activated at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana
  • Inactivated 30 November 1945 in France
  • Allotted 25 June 1948 to the Regular Army
  • Activated 6 July 1948 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky
  • Inactivated 27 May 1949 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky
  • Activated 25 August 1950 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky
  • Inactivated 1 December 1953 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky
  • Activated 15 May 1954 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina
  • Reorganized and redesignated 1 July 1956 as Headquarters and Service Company, 101st Airborne Division
  • Reorganized and redesignated 25 April 1957 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Command and Control Battalion, 101st Airborne Division
  • Reorganized and redesignated 3 February 1964 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division

[edit] 2nd Brigade

  • Constituted 5 August 1917 in the National Army as Headquarters, 159th Infantry Brigade, an element of the 80th Division
  • Organized 27 August 1917 at Camp Lee, Virginia
  • Demobilized 1 June 1919 at Camp Lee, Virginia
  • Reconstituted 24 June 1921 in the Organized Reserves as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 159th Infantry Brigade, an element of the 80th Division
  • Organized in September 1922 at Richmond, Virginia
  • Redesignated 23 March 1925 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 159th Brigade
  • Redesignated 24 August 1936 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 159th Infantry Brigade
  • Converted and redesignated 12 February 1942 as the 80th Reconnaissance Troop (less 3d Platoon), 80th Division (Headquarters and *Headquarters Company, 160th Infantry Brigade, concurrently converted and redesignated as the 3d Platoon, 80th Reconnaissance Company, 80th Division)
  • Troop ordered into active military service 15 July 1942 and reorganized at Camp Forrest, Tennessee, as the 80th Cavalry *Reconnaissance Troop, an element of the 80th Division (later redesignated as the 80th Infantry Division)
  • Reorganized and redesignated 12 August 1943 as the 80th Reconnaissance Troop, Mechanized
  • Inactivated 6 January 1946 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey
  • Redesignated 15 July 1946 as the Reconnaissance Platoon, 80th Airborne Division
  • Activated 21 May 1947 at Richmond, Virginia, as the 80th Airborne Reconnaissance Platoon, an element of the 80th Airborne Division
  • (Organized Reserves redesignated 25 March 1948 as the Organized Reserve Corps; redesignated 9 July 1952 as the Army Reserve)
  • Reorganized and redesignated 20 April 1948 as the Reconnaissance Platoon, 80th Airborne Division
  • Reorganized and redesignated 18 September 1950 as the 80th Airborne Reconnaissance Company
  • Reorganized and redesignated 10 May 1952 as the 80th Reconnaissance Company, an element of the 80th Infantry Division
  • Disbanded 29 March 1959 at Richmond, Virginia
  • Reconstituted (less 3d Platoon) 22 October 1963 in the Regular Army as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 159th Infantry *Brigade (3d Platoon, 80th Reconnaissance Company--hereafter separate lineage)
  • Redesignated 21 January 1964 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division
  • Activated 3 February 1964 at Fort Campbell, Kentucky

[edit] 3rd Brigade

  • Constituted 5 August 1917 in the National Army as Headquarters, 160th Infantry Brigade, an element of the 80th Division
  • Organized 27 August 1917 at Camp Lee, Virginia
  • Demobilized 7 June 1919 at Camp Lee, Virginia
  • Reconstituted 24 June 1921 in the Organized Reserves as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 160th Infantry Brigade, an element of the 80th Division
  • Organized in September 1922 at Baltimore, Maryland
  • Redesignated 23 March 1925 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 160th Brigade
  • Redesignated 24 August 1936 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 160th Infantry Brigade
  • Converted and redesignated 12 February 1942 as the 3d Platoon, 80th Reconnaissance Troop, 80th Division (Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 159th Infantry Brigade, concurrently converted and redesignated as the 80th Reconnaissance Troop [less 3d Platoon], 80th Division)
  • Troop ordered into active military service 15 July 1942 and reorganized at Camp Forrest, Tennessee, as the 80th Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop, an element of the 80th Division (later redesignated as the 80th Infantry Division)
  • Reorganized and redesignated 12 August 1943 as the 80th Reconnaissance Troop, Mechanized
  • Inactivated 6 January 1946 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey
  • Redesignated 15 July 1946 as the Reconnaissance Platoon, 80th Airborne Division
  • Activated 21 May 1947 at Richmond, Virginia, as the 80th Airborne Reconnaissance Platoon, an element of the 80th Airborne Division
  • (Organized Reserves redesignated 25 March 1948 as the Organized Reserve Corps; redesignated 9 July 1952 as the Army Reserve)
  • Reorganized and redesignated 20 April 1948 as the Reconnaissance Platoon, 80th Airborne Division
  • Reorganized and redesignated 18 September 1950 as the 80th Airborne Reconnaissance Company
  • Reorganized and redesignated 10 May 1952 as the 80th Reconnaissance Company, an element of the 80th Infantry Division
  • Disbanded 29 March 1959 at Richmond, Virginia
  • 3d Platoon, 80th Reconnaissance Company, reconstituted 22 October 1963 in the Regular Army as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 160th Infantry Brigade (remainder of the company - hereafter separate lineage)
  • Redesignated 21 January 1964 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division
  • Activated 3 February 1964 at Fort Campbell, Kentucky

[edit] Division Artillery

  • Constituted 24 June 1921 in the Organized Reserves as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 176th Field Artillery Brigade
  • Organized in 1923 in Wisconsin
  • Redesignated 30 January 1942 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 101st Division Artillery
  • Disbanded 15 August 1942; concurrently reconstituted in the Army of the United States as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 101st Airborne Division Artillery, and activated at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana
  • Inactivated 30 November 1945 in France
  • Allotted 25 June 1948 to the Regular Army
  • Activated 6 July 1948 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky
  • Inactivated 27 May 1949 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky
  • Activated 25 August 1950 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky
  • Inactivated 1 December 1953 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky
  • Activated 15 May 1954 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina
  • Reorganized and redesignated 1 July 1956 as Headquarters, Headquarters and Service Battery, 101st Airborne Division Artillery
  • Reorganized and redesignated 25 April 1957 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 101st Airborne Division Artillery

[edit] 159th Aviation Brigade

  • Constituted 16 October 1992 in the Regular Army as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 159th Aviation Group, and activated at Fort Bragg, North Carolina
  • Reorganized and redesignated 16 June 1998 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 159th Aviation Brigade, 101st Airborne Division

[edit] Honors

[edit] Campaign Participation Credit

  • World War I (2nd and 3rd Brigades ONLY):
  1. Somme Offensive;(is also known as the Battle of Saint-Quentin or the Second Battle of the Somme)
  2. Meuse-Argonne;
  3. Picardy 1918
  • World War II (except 159th Aviation Brigade):
  1. Normandy (with arrowhead);
  2. Rhineland (with arrowhead);
  3. Ardennes-Alsace;
  4. Central Europe
  • Vietnam (Except 159th Aviation Brigade):
  1. Defense (1st Brigade Only);
  2. Counteroffensive (1st Brigade Only);
  3. Counteroffensive, Phase II (1st Brigade Only)
  4. Counteroffensive, Phase III;
  5. Tet Counteroffensive;
  6. Counteroffensive, Phase IV;
  7. Counteroffensive, Phase V;
  8. Counteroffensive, Phase VI;
  9. Tet 69/Counteroffensive;
  10. Summer-Fall 1969;
  11. Winter-Spring 1970;
  12. Sanctuary Counteroffensive;
  13. Counteroffensive, Phase VII;
  14. Consolidation I;
  15. Consolidation II
  • Southwest Asia (Except 159th Aviation Brigade):
  1. Defense of Saudi Arabia;
  2. Liberation and Defense of Kuwait

[edit] Decorations

  1. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for NORMANDY (Division and 1st Brigade Only)
  2. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for BASTOGNE (Division and 1st Brigade Only)
  3. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for DAK TO, VIETNAM 1966 (1st Brigade only)
  4. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for DONG AP BIA MOUNTAIN (3rd Brigade Only)
  5. Valorous Unit Award for THUA THIEN PROVINCE (3rd Brigade and DIVARTY Only)
  6. Valorous Unit Award for TUY HOA (1st Brigade Only)
  7. Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for VIETNAM 1965-1966 (1st Brigade Only)
  8. Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for VIETNAM 1968 (3rd Brigade Only)
  9. Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for SOUTHWEST ASIA (Except 159th Aviation Brigade)
  10. French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II for NORMANDY (Division and 1st Brigade Only)
  11. Belgian Croix de Guerre 1940 with Palm for BASTOGNE (Division and 1st Brigade Only);
  12. cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action at BASTOGNE (Division and 1st Brigade Only)
  13. Belgian Fourragere 1940 (Division and 1st Brigade Only)
  14. Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action in FRANCE AND BELGIUM (Division and 1st Brigade Only)
  15. Netherlands Orange Lanyard (Division and 1st Brigade Only)
  16. Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM 1966-1967 (1st Brigade Only)
  17. Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM 1968 (2nd Brigade Only)
  18. Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM 1968-1969 (Except 159th Aviation Brigade)
  19. Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM 1971 (Except 159th Aviation Brigade)
  20. Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class for VIETNAM 1968-1970 (Except 159th Aviation Brigade)
  21. Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class for VIETNAM 1970 (DIVARTY only)

[edit] Division commanders

  1. MG William C. Lee Aug-42 - Feb-44
  2. BG Don F. Pratt 6-Feb-44 - 14-Mar-44<ref name="note1">Acting division commanders.</ref>
  3. MG Maxwell D. Taylor Mar-44 - Aug-45
  4. BG Anthony C. McAuliffe 5-Dec-44 - 26-Dec-44<ref name="note1" />
  5. BG William N. Gillmore Aug-45 - Sep-45
  6. BG Gerald St. C. Mickle Sep-45 - Oct-45
  7. BG Stuart Cutler Oct-45 - Nov-45
  8. MG William R. Schmidt Jul-48 - May-49
  9. MG Cornelius E. Ryan Aug-50 - May-51
  10. MG Roy E. Porter May-51 - May-53
  11. MG Paul DeWitt Adams May-53 - Dec-53
  12. MG Riley F. Ennis May-54 - Oct-55
  13. MG F. S. Bowen Oct-55 - Mar-56
  14. MG Thomas L. Sherburne, Jr. May-56 - Mar-58
  15. MG William C. Westmoreland Apr-58 - Jun-60
  16. MG Ben Harrell Jun-60 - Jul-61
  17. MG C.W.G. Rich Jul-61 - Feb-63
  18. MG Harry H. Critz Feb-63 - Mar-64
  19. MG Beverly E. Powell Mar-64 - Mar-66
  20. MG Ben Sternberg Mar-66 - Jul-67
  21. MG Olinto M. Barsanti Jul-67 - Jul-68
  22. MG Melvin Zais Jul-68 - May-69
  23. MG John M. Wright May-69 - May-70
  24. MG John J. Hennessey May-70 - Feb-71
  25. MG Thomas M. Tarpley Feb-71 - Apr-72
  26. MG John H. Cushman Apr-72 - Aug-73
  27. MG Sidney B. Berry Aug-73 - Jul-74
  28. MG John W. McEnery Aug-74 - Feb-76
  29. MG John A. Wickham, Jr. Mar-76 - Mar-78
  30. MG John N. Brandenburg Mar-78 - Jun-80
  31. MG Jack V. Mackmull Jun-80 - Aug-81
  32. MG Charles W. Bagnal Aug-81 - Aug-83
  33. MG James E. Thompson Aug-83 - Jun-85
  34. MG Burton D. Patrick Jun-85 - May-87
  35. MG Teddy G. Allen May-87 - Aug-89
  36. MG J.H. Binford Peay III Aug-89 - Jun-91
  37. MG John Miller Jun-91 - Jul-93
  38. MG John M. Keane Jul-93 - Feb-96
  39. MG William F. "Buck" Kernan Feb-96 - Feb-98
  40. MG Robert T. Clark Feb-98 - Jun-00
  41. MG Richard A. Cody Jun-00 - Jul-02
  42. MG David H. Petraeus Jul-02 - May-04
  43. MG Thomas R. Turner II May-04 - present
  44. MG Jeffrey J. Schloesser (announced)<ref name="note2">United Press International: Terror center No.2 to head 101st Airborne</ref>

[edit] Notes

<references />

[edit] Popular culture

  • Rakkasans of the 3rd Battalion, 187th Infantry Regiment in the A Shau Valley are featured in the 1987 film Hamburger Hill.
  • The 502d Infantry Regiment was the subject of a documentary series produced by the History Channel Brothers in Arms: The Untold Story of The 502. This series used the 3D video game engine from the Brothers in Arms game to render graphics to tell the story of the unit's ordeal during the war, accompanied by interviews, narration, and traditional archival footage and photos.
  • Worldwide superstar Jimi Hendrix was a parachute infantryman in the 101st Airborne Division before recieving and honorable discharge and heading back to the USA to pursue his music career.

[edit] External links

es:101ª División Aerotransportada fr:101e division aéroportée américaine it:101a divisione aviotrasportata USA ja:第101空挺師団 (アメリカ軍) nl:101st Airborne Division no:101. luftbårne divisjon pl:101 dywizja powietrzno-desantowa (USA) sl:101. zračnoprevozna divizija (zračnodesantna) fi:Yhdysvaltain 101. laskuvarjodivisioona

101st Airborne Division

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