Bács-Kiskun

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Bács-Kiskun County
Image:BacsKiskunCounty.gif
Region Southern Great Plain
County seat Kecskemét
Area 8,445 km²
Population 547,000
Population density 65/km²
Municipalities 119

Bács-Kiskun is a county (megye in Hungarian) located in southern Hungary. It was created as a result of World War II, merging the pre war Bács-Bodrog and Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun counties. With an area of 8,445 km², Bács-Kiskun is the largest county in area. The county seat and largest city of Bács-Kiskun is Kecskemét.

The county is also part of the Danube-Kris-Mures-Tisa euroregion.

Contents

[edit] Geography

The county is Europe-wide known for its natural beauty. Kiskunság National Park is located in the area.

[edit] Location

Bács-Kiskun borders Baranya, Tolna, and Fejér on the west (across the Danube River); Pest to the north, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok and Csongrád on the east, across the Tisza River. To the south Bács-Kiskun shares the international border with Serbia.

Bács-Kiskun lies on the Great Hungarian Plain. The difference between its highest and lowest elevations is only 80 m.

[edit] Rivers

[edit] Lakes

[edit] History

Bács-Kiskun county was created after World War II from the pre-1938 counties Bács-Bodrog and Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun (southern half).

[edit] Demographics

Although the population is decreasing, the birth rate in the county is positive, unlike in any other regions in Hungary.

[edit] Ethnicity

The population of the county is almost homogeneous, with a Hungarian majority. Some Croatian and German people live around Hajós and Baja.

[edit] Religion

The people of Bács-Kiskun are predominantly Christians, belonging to several different denominations.

[edit] Economy

Bács-Kiskun county accounted for 3.7% of the Gross Value Added of Hungary in 2001. With almost EUR 1.9 billion, the GVA in Bács-Kiskun had increased by 50% compared to 1995.

[edit] Sector

The primary sector accounted for 12.3% of the Gross Value Added of the county in 2001, and this was the highest share of any county. However, this share is declining over the years: it was 15.6% in 1995.

The share of the secondary sector is relatively constant over the years, with 30.9% of the Gross Value Added in 2001 (compared to 29.5% in 1995). The tertiary sector's GVA has increased most, although it still had a low share (56.8%) compared to the country as a whole (64.4%).

[edit] Economic diversity

[edit] Service and trade

Service and trade are the dominant sectors of Bács-Kiskun's economy, where privatisation occurred first.

80% of the industrial output is represented by the food, machine, wood, and printing industries. The more substantial companies in the region attracted more investment. In the course of privatisation the Kecskemét cannery was purchased by Heinz, the Kiskunhalas textile mill partially by Levi's. During the privatisation, the Danube Knitting Mill in Baja was acquired by an American financial investment group

Among the industrial companies operating in the area of Baja are UNILEVER Rt. producing deep frozen products, the Bread factory of Bácska Sütoipari Rt., the abattoir of DÉLHÚS and the Pannonia Brewery. The local government of Baja are encouraging the expansion of foreign capital by reducing local taxes.

There are approximately 39 600 firms in the county, representing 4.6% of the national total. The majority of companies employ only several people; indeed, 95% have 10 or fewer employees. Two per cent of companies belong in the medium category, employing between 21 and 50 people, while the number and proportion of those employing 300 or more is very small.

[edit] Agriculture

Fruit, vegetable, corn and wheat production are the most successful branches of the region's agriculture. Compared to the other Hungarian counties, Bács-Kiskun has the second largest number of pigs (10% of the Hungarian pig stock) and 7% of cattle stock. The stock of sheep made up 194,000 at the end of 2002, 17.6% of Hungary's total stock and the largest in Hungary.



[edit] Transport

[edit] Road

On account of its central location, a great deal of the nation's traffic necessarily crosses the county. The total length of main roads in the county was 2 213 kilometres in 2002 so for every 100 square kilometres of land area, there are 26 kilometres of main road. Despite the fact that a great deal of labour has gone into improving the quality of the roads in the last decade, there has been a deterioration in their condition on account of their intensive use. Fifty-six kilometres of motorways crossed the county in 2002, making the road link with Serbia and the Balkans.

Highway M5 and Road 5 go through Bács-Kiskun. There are many second-class roads throughout the county, that way easy excess is available to every village. The international railroad Budapest-Subotica-Belgrade and the national rainroad Budapest-Cegléd-Szeged pass through Bács-Kiskun as well.

[edit] Rail

The length of railways was of 641 kilometres in 2001 (32% electrified) and the most important lines in the county are between Budapest and Szeged and the route of the international express trains crossing Hungary in northwestern-southeastern direction leading to Belgrade. In addition to the main and secondary lines, there are a number of narrow gauge tracks for 'nostalgia trains' which operate as tourist attractions.

Baja is the most important traffic junction of the southern part of the country. Its rail and public road junction is especially important due to the presence of the Danube bridge which provides a link between the Southern Great Plain and the Transdanubian region. The city has the best-equipped port in the country, where further development possibilities await the investors. At present a 120 places ro-ro port terminal is under construction.

[edit] Air

The only airport in the county, in Kecskemét, is a military one, chiefly used for the delivery of goods and occasionally for receiving civil aircraft. However, the county can be reached from Ferihegy Airport from Budapest.

[edit] Law and Government

The county is governed by the County board of supervisors, which is located in the county seat.

[edit] Important cities and towns

Two-thirds of the population lives in the twenty cities/towns, among which the largest is the county seat, Kecskemét, where one-sixth of the total population resides. The town with the largest population density is Kalocsa (353/km²), the lowest population density is in the village of Újsolt (6/km²). City/towns have an average population density of 126, while villages have an average of 36/km².

Even though Bács-Kiskun is the fifth largest county of Hungary by population, the population density is less than half of the country's average. The villages are typically large. 13% of the population lives on farms and homesteads.

[edit] City with county rights

Image:Megyeszékhelyek - Bács-Kiskun megye - Kecskemét.jpg
Aerial photography: Kecskemét - Hungary

[edit] Cities and towns

(ordered by population, according to the 2001 census)

Baja (38,143) Kunszentmiklós (9,078)
Kiskunfélegyháza (32,081) Soltvadkert (7,782)
Kiskunhalas (29,688) Bácsalmás (7,694)
Kalocsa (18,449) Solt (7,063)
Kiskőrös (15,263) Szabadszállás (6,680)
Kiskunmajsa (21,091) Izsák (6,187)
Tiszakécske (11,878) Kerekegyháza (6,051)
Lajosmizse (11,159) Tompa (4,899)
Jánoshalma (9,866) Dunavecse (4,249)
Kecel (9,259)

[edit] Villages

Ágasegyháza Csólyospálos Géderlak Kunpeszér Soltszentimre
Akasztó Dávod Hajós Kunszállás Sükösd
Apostag Drágszél Harkakötöny Ladánybene Szakmár
Bácsbokod Dunaegyháza Harta Lakitelek Szalkszentmárton
Bácsborsód Dunafalva Helvécia Madaras Szank
Bácsszentgyörgy Dunapataj Hercegszántó Mátételke Szentkirály
Bácsszőlős Dunaszentbenedek Homokmégy Mélykút Szeremle
Ballószög Dunatetétlen Imrehegy Miske Tabdi
Balotaszállás Dusnok Jakabszállás Móricgát Tass
Bátmonostor Érsekcsanád Jászszentlászló Nagybaracska Tataháza
Bátya Érsekhalma Kaskantyú Nemesnádudvar Tázlár
Bócsa Fajsz Katymár Nyárlőrinc Tiszaalpár
Borota Felsőlajos Kelebia Ordas Tiszaug
Bugac Felsőszentiván Kéleshalom Orgovány Uszód
Bugaspusztaháza Foktő Kisszállás Öregcsertő Újsolt
Császártöltés Fülöpháza Kömpöc Páhi Újtelek
Csátalja Fülöpjakab Kunadacs Pálmonostora Városföld
Csávoly Fülöpszállás Kunbaja Petőfiszállás Vaskút
Csengőd Gara Kunbaracs Pirtó Zsana
Csikéria Gátér Kunfehértó Rém

[edit] Education

[edit] Colleges and universities

[edit] Professional sport teams

[edit] Miscellaneous topics

[edit] List of famous residents

[edit] See also

[edit] References

<references/>

[edit] External links

County of Bács-Kiskun
</b> Bács-Kiskun Topics | History | Geography | Government | Politics | Economy | People from Bács-Kiskun
County seat Kecskemét
Cities and towns Bácsalmás | Baja | Dunavecse | Izsák | Jánoshalma | Kalocsa | Kecel | Kerekegyháza | Kiskőrös | Kiskunfélegyháza | Kiskunhalas | Kiskunmajsa | Kunszentmiklós | Lajosmizse | Solt | Soltvadkert | Szabadszállás | Tiszakécske | Tompa</font>
Villages Ágasegyháza | Akasztó | Apostag | Bácsbokod | Bácsborsód | Bácsszentgyörgy | Bácsszőlős | Ballószög | Balotaszállás | Bátmonostor | Bátya | Bócsa | Borota | Bugac | Bugaspusztaháza | Császártöltés | Csátalja |Csávoly | Csengőd | Csikéria | Csólyospálos | Dávod | Drágszél | Dunaegyháza | Dunafalva | Dunapataj | Dunaszentbenedek | Dunatetétlen | Dusnok | Érsekcsanád | Érsekhalma | Fajsz | Felsőlajos | Felsőszentiván | Foktő | Fülöpháza | Fülöpjakab | Fülöpszállás | Gara | Gátér | Géderlak | Hajós | Harkakötöny | Harta | Helvécia | Hercegszántó | Homokmégy | Imrehegy | Jakabszállás | Jászszentlászló | Kaskantyú | Katymár  | Kelebia | Kéleshalom | Kisszállás | Kömpöc | Kunadacs | Kunbaja | Kunbaracs | Kunfehértó | Kunpeszér | Kunszállás | Ladánybene | Lakitelek | Madaras | Mátételke | Mélykút | Miske | Móricgát | Nagybaracska | Nemesnádudvar | Nyárlőrinc | Ordas | Öregcsertő | Orgovány | Páhi | Pálmonostora | Petőfiszállás | Pirtó | Rém  | Soltszentimre | Szakmár | Szalkszentmárton | Szank | Szentkirály | Szeremle | Sükösd | Tabdi | Tass | Tataháza | Tázlár | Tiszaalpár | Tiszaug | Újsolt | Újtelek | Uszód | Városföld | Vaskút | Zsana
Counties of Hungary Image:Flag of Hungary.svg
Counties: Bács-Kiskun | Baranya | Békés | Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén | Csongrád | Fejér | Győr-Moson-Sopron | Hajdú-Bihar | Heves | Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok | Komárom-Esztergom | Nógrád | Pest | Somogy | Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg | Tolna | Vas | Veszprém | Zala
Urban counties: Békéscsaba | Debrecen | Dunaújváros | Eger | Érd | Győr | Hódmezővásárhely | Kaposvár | Kecskemét | Miskolc | Nagykanizsa | Nyíregyháza | Pécs | Salgótarján | Sopron | Szeged | Szekszárd | Székesfehérvár | Szolnok | Szombathely | Tatabánya | Veszprém | Zalaegerszeg
Capital: Budapest
See also: Administrative divisions of the Kingdom of Hungary; Geography of Hungary

Coordinates: 46°30′N 19°25′Ebg:Бач-Кишкун de:Bács-Kiskun es:Bács-Kiskun eo:Bács-Kiskun fr:Bács-Kiskun it:Bács-Kiskun hu:Bács-Kiskun megye nl:Bács-Kiskun pl:Bács-Kiskun pt:Bács-Kiskun ro:Bács-Kiskun ru:Бач-Кишкун (медье) fi:Bács-Kiskun sv:Bács-Kiskun zh:巴奇-基什孔州

Bács-Kiskun

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