Békés County

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For the historical county see Békés (former county)
Békés County
Image:BekesCounty.gif
Region Southern Great Plain
County seat Békéscsaba
Area 5631 km²
Population 392,000
Population density 69.6/km²
Municipalities 75

Békés County (Hungarian: Békés megye; Romanian: judeţul Bichiş; Slovak: Békešská župa) is an administrative division (county or megye) in south-eastern Hungary, on the border with Romania. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Csongrád, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok and Hajdú-Bihar. The capital of Békés county is Békéscsaba. The county is also part of the Danube-Kris-Mures-Tisa euroregion.

Contents

[edit] Geography

Békés county lies on the Pannonian Plain (Great Plain), it is a flat area with good soil. Average rainfall is 645 mm/year. One-fifth of the natural gas resources of Hungary can be found in Békés. The river Körös/Criş runs through the county.

[edit] Demographics

The county has a population of 392,000 (2001). More than 60 % of the population lives in towns. Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Slovaks (approx. 7,000), Roma (5,000), Romanians (4,000), Germans (1,500) and Serbs (400).

[edit] History

The area has been inhabited since 5000-4000 BC. Before the arrival of the Hungarians several other tribes lived in the area.

The castle of Gyula was built in the early 15th century. Gyula was the most significant town of the county at that time, and became county seat under Matthias I. It was an important fortress during the Ottoman wars in Europe but it was captured in 1566. During this time several towns were destroyed in the area.

In the early 18th century, after the Ottomans were expelled, the county was repopulated, not only with Hungarians, but with Slovaks (in the towns Békéscsaba, Endrőd, Szarvas, Tótkomlós), Serbs (Battonya), Germans (Németgyula, Elek) and Romanians (Kétegyháza). Most of the foreign population was assimilated by the mid-19th century.

The agricultural importance of the county and the new railway line between Pest and Békéscsaba (finished in 1858) brought development, which was quickened when Hungary lost its southern territories to Romania after World War I and Békéscsaba had to take over the role of the lost cities.

The population growth peaked in 1950 (472,000), in the same year when Békéscsaba became the county seat. During the following years the county was industrialized, like most of Hungary, and the population of the cities and towns grew.

[edit] Regional structure

The regional structure of Békés county is typical of the Great Plain: it has a small number of villages, but those are large, both by area and by population. There are several farmsteads too. 70% of the population lives in cities and towns, 17% in the county seat.

[edit] City with county rights

Békéscsaba (county seat)

[edit] Cities and towns

(ordered by population, according to the 2001 census)

Gyula (32 967) Vésztő (7656)
Orosháza (32 052) Mezőkovácsháza (7026)
Békés (21 657) Battonya (6747)
Szarvas (18 563) Tótkomlós (6638)
Gyomaendrőd (15 523) Füzesgyarmat (6565)
Mezőberény (11 551) Mezőhegyes (6355)
Sarkad (10 959) Csorvás (5765)
Szeghalom (10 201) Elek (5583)
Dévaványa (8986)

[edit] Villages

Almáskamarás Doboz Kardoskút Köröstarcsa Méhkerék Szabadkígyós
Békéssámson Dombegyház Kaszaper Körösújfalu Murony Tarhos
Békésszentandrás Dombiratos Kertészsziget Kötegyán Nagybánhegyes Telekgerendás
Bélmegyer Ecsegfalva Kétegyháza Kunágota Nagykamarás Újkígyós
Biharugra Gádoros Kétsoprony Lökösháza Nagyszénás Újszalonta
Bucsa Gerendás Kevernes Magyarbánhegyes Okány Végegyháza
Csabacsüd Geszt Kisdombegyház Magyardombegyház Örménykút Zsadány
Csabaszabadi Hunya Kondoros Medgyesbodzás Pusztaföldvár
Csanádapáca Kamut Körösladány Medgyesegyháza Pusztaottlaka
Csárdaszállás Kardos Körösnagyharsány Mezőgyán Sarkadkeresztúr
Counties of Hungary Image:Flag of Hungary.svg
Counties: Bács-Kiskun | Baranya | Békés | Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén | Csongrád | Fejér | Győr-Moson-Sopron | Hajdú-Bihar | Heves | Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok | Komárom-Esztergom | Nógrád | Pest | Somogy | Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg | Tolna | Vas | Veszprém | Zala
Urban counties: Békéscsaba | Debrecen | Dunaújváros | Eger | Érd | Győr | Hódmezővásárhely | Kaposvár | Kecskemét | Miskolc | Nagykanizsa | Nyíregyháza | Pécs | Salgótarján | Sopron | Szeged | Szekszárd | Székesfehérvár | Szolnok | Szombathely | Tatabánya | Veszprém | Zalaegerszeg
Capital: Budapest
See also: Administrative divisions of the Kingdom of Hungary; Geography of Hungary

bg:Бекеш de:Komitat Békés eo:Békés hu:Békés megye ro:Békés ru:Бекеш (медье) sv:Békés (provins) zh:貝凱什州

Békés County

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