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Bell pepper

Bell pepper

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iBell pepper
Image:Capsicum1.jpg
A variety of colored bell peppers
Image:Greenpeppers.jpg
Green peppers
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Capsicum
Species: C. annuum
Binomial name
Capsicum annuum
L.
Image:Chilli05.jpg
Heat : Mild (SR: 0)
For green peppercorns, see Black pepper.

Bell Pepper is a cultivar group of the species Capsicum annuum, as are the jalapeño and pimento.

Contents

[edit] Nomenclature

The bell pepper refers to the actual fruit of the capsicum plant. The term bell pepper is only used in North America. In British English, it is simply referred to as a "pepper" , whereas in many Commonwealth of Nations countries, such as India, Malaysia and Australia, it is called capsicum. Bell peppers are commonly called paprika in areas such as Scandinavia, Hungary and Indonesia; Pīman in Japan; capsicum in ; and mangoes[1] (or mangos) in parts of the U.S. around southern Ohio and northern Kentucky (and should not be confused with the tropical fruit known properly as a mango). In Russia it is commonly called болгарский перец (bolgarskiy perets), meaning Bulgarian pepper. In France, it is called poivron, with the same root as poivre (meaning black pepper). Bell peppers contain a recessive gene that eliminates the capsaicin in the fruit.

[edit] Varieties

The color can be green, red, yellow, orange and, more rarely, white, purple, blue and brown, depending on when they are harvested. Green peppers are unripe bell peppers, while the others are all ripe, with the color variation based on cultivar selection. Because they are unripe, green peppers are less sweet and slightly more bitter than yellow, orange, or red peppers, which all have a rather similar hot taste. Green bell peppers also tend to have a significantly lower retail value, making them more common in restaurants than other bell peppers. The taste of ripe peppers can also vary with growing conditions and post-harvest storage treatment; the sweetest are fruit allowed to ripen fully on the plant in full sunshine, while fruit harvested green and after-ripened in storage are less sweet. Peppers were grown in Central and South America in pre-Columbian times. Pepper seeds were later carried to Spain in 1493 and from there spread to other European and Asian countries.


[edit] Nutritional value

Image:Bell pepper cut apart.jpg
Bell pepper cut apart
</tr>
Green bell pepper, raw (edible parts)
Nutritional value per 100 g
Energy 30 kcal   110 kJ
<tr><td>- Sugars  4 g</td></tr><tr><td>- Dietary fiber  2 g  </td></tr><tr><td>Water</td><td>92 g</td></tr><tr><td>Vitamin C  190 mg</td><td>317%</td></tr>
Carbohydrates     6 g
Fat0.3 g
Protein 1 g
Percentages are relative to US
recommendations for adults.
</td></tr></table>


[edit] See also

de:Paprika

fr:Poivron he:פלפל (ירק) hu:Paprika id:Paprika ja:パプリカ nl:Paprika no:Paprika pl:Papryka roczna pt:Pimentão ru:Перец овощной sl:Paprika (začimba) fi:Paprika sv:Paprika sq:Speci tg:Қаламфур

Bell pepper

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