Gyula Illyés

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Gyula Illyés (November 2, 1902 - April 15, 1983) was a Hungarian poet and novelist. Born into a poor peasant family, he was educated both in Budapest and in Paris. He was one of the leading népi ("populist") authors, and someone with strong left-wing convinctions.

During World War II he was associated with the journal Nyugat. After the occupation of Hungary in 1945 he became a member of parliament, withdrawing from public life when the Stalinists rose to power. Later on he made some deals with the Kádárist establishment of Hungary.

In his poetry Illyés was a spokesman for the oppressed peasant class. Greater universality and an appeal for national and individual liberty mark his later work.

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Gyula Illyés

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