Hungarian animals

Learn more about Hungarian animals

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There are special Hungarian species of domestic animals which are seen as national symbols in Hungary, and there are "gene banks" to ensure their survival, especially in national parks.

  • Longhorned Gray Steppe cattle - Hungarian breed, traditionally kept in the open full year. Nowadays they are raised for infant food due to natural, healthy meat.
  • Magyar Vizsla - one of the oldest hunting dogs of the world. The ancestors of this dog came into the Carpathian Basin with the nomadic Hungarian tribes.
  • Hungarian Puli - small shepherd dog
  • Hungarian Komondor - large shepherd dog, was brought to Hungary a thousand years ago by nomadic Magyars.
  • Hungarian Kuvasz - large shepherd dog.
  • Hungarian Pumi - small shepherd dog.
  • Hungarian Sighthound is already known in the 8th century, it is as old as the Vizsla.
  • Transylvanian Bloodhound - Hungarian hound.
  • Hungarian Mudi shepherd dog.
  • Hungarian thoroughbred horses - a mid-19th century mixture of the best Arab and English race horse characteristics.
  • Lipicai, the white breed of heavy cavalry horses, parts of whose pool were exported to Austria and Spain.

Among the wild animals:

  • Black-and-white stork, a yearly migrant species from central Africa is widely considered to be the "Hungarian bird" in countryside villages.
  • The protected species kerecsensólyom falcon is nowadays identified with ancient Hungarian totem bird "Turul madár".
  • The wild boar is still extensively hunted in Hungary and has had crucial roles in Magyar history.
  • Danube Viza (a subspecies of giant sturgeon) was a hallmark of Hungary in medieval traveller's diaries, but the majestic fish became extinct in the 18th century.


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