ISO 4217

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ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The ISO 4217 code list is the established norm in banking and business all over the world for defining different currencies, and in many countries the codes for the more common currencies are so well known publicly, that exchange rates published in newspapers or posted in banks use only these to define the different currencies, instead of translated currency names or ambiguous currency symbols.

The first two letters of the code are the two letters of ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country codes (which are similar to those used for national top-level domains on the Internet) and the third is usually the initial of the currency itself. So Japan's currency code becomes JPY—JP for Japan and Y for yen. This eliminates the problem caused by the names dollar, franc and pound being used in dozens of different countries, each having significantly differing values. Also, if a currency is revalued, the currency code's last letter is changed to distinguish it from the old currency. In some cases, the third letter is the initial for "new" in that country's language, to distinguish it from an older currency that was revalued; the code often long outlasts the usage of the term "new" itself. Examples of this include the Mexican peso (MXN) and the Turkish lira (TRY). Other changes can be seen, however; the Russian ruble, for example, changed from RUR to RUB, where the B comes from the third letter in the word "ruble".

There is also a three-digit code number assigned to each currency, in the same manner as there is also a three-digit code number assigned to each country as part of ISO 3166. This numeric code is usually the same as the ISO 3166 numeric code. For example, USD (US Dollar) has code 840 which is also the numeric code for US (United States).

The standard also defines the relationship between the major currency unit and any minor currency unit. Often, the minor currency unit has a value that is 1/100 of the major unit, but 1/10 or 1/1000 are also common. Some currencies do not have any minor currency unit at all. In others, the major currency unit has so little value that the minor unit is no longer generally used (e.g. the Japanese sen, 1/100th of a yen). Mauritania does not use a decimal division of units, setting 1 ouguiya (UM) = 5 khoums, and Madagascar has 1 ariary = 5 iraimbilanja. This is indicated in the standard by the currency exponent. For example USD has exponent 2, while JPY has exponent 0.

ISO 4217 includes codes not only for currencies, but also for precious metals (gold, silver, palladium and platinum; by definition expressed per one troy ounce, as compared to "1 USD") and certain other entities used in international finance, e.g. Special Drawing Rights. There are also special codes allocated for testing purposes (XTS), and to indicate no currency transactions (XXX). These codes all begin with the letter "X". The precious metals use "X" plus the metal's chemical symbol; silver, for example, is XAG. ISO 3166 never assigns country codes beginning with "X" while these codes are assigned for privately customized use only (reserved, never for official codes), so ISO 4217 can use "X" codes for non-country-specific currencies without risk of clashing with future country codes.

Supranational currencies, such as the East Caribbean dollar, the CFP franc, the CFA franc BEAC and the CFA franc BCEAO are normally also represented by codes beginning with an "X". The euro is represented by the code EUR (EU is included in the ISO 3166-1 reserved codes list to represent the European Union). The predecessor to the Euro, the European Currency Unit, had the code XEU.


[edit] History

In 1973, the ISO Technical Committee 68 decided to develop codes for the representation of currencies and funds for use in any application of trade, commerce or banking. At the 17th session (February 1978) of the related UN/ECE Group of Experts agreed that the three letter alphabetic codes for International Standard ISO 4217, "Codes for the representation of currencies and funds", would be suitable for use in international trade.

Over time, new currencies are created and old currencies are discontinued. Frequently, these changes are due to new governments (through war or a new constitution), treaties between countries standardizing on a currency, or revaluation of the currency due to excessive inflation. As a result, the list of codes must be updated from time to time. The ISO 4217 maintenance agency (MA), the British Standards Institution, is responsible for maintaining the list of codes.

[edit] Active codes (sorted by code)

The following is a list of active codes of official ISO 4217 currency names.
Code Num E Currency Locations using this currency
AED 784 2 United Arab Emirates dirham United Arab Emirates
AFN 971 2 Afghani Afghanistan
ALL 008 2 Lek Albania
AMD 051 2 Armenian Dram Armenia
ANG 532 2 Netherlands Antillian Guilder Netherlands Antilles
AOA 973 2 Kwanza Angola
ARS 032 2 Argentine Peso Argentina
AUD 036 2 Australian Dollar Australia, Australian Antarctic Territory, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Heard and McDonald Islands, Kiribati, Nauru, Norfolk Island, Tuvalu
AWG 533 2 Aruban Guilder Aruba
AZN 944 2 Azerbaijanian Manat Azerbaijan
BAM 977 2 Convertible Marks Bosnia and Herzegovina
BBD 052 2 Barbados Dollar Barbados
BDT 050 2 Taka Bangladesh
BGN 975 2 Bulgarian Lev Bulgaria
BHD 048 3 Bahraini Dinar Bahrain
BIF 108 0 Burundian Franc Burundi
BMD 060 2 Bermudian Dollar (customarily known as Bermuda Dollar) Bermuda
BND 096 2 Brunei Dollar Brunei
BOB 068 2 Boliviano Bolivia
BOV 984 2 Bolivian Mvdol (Funds code) Bolivia
BRL 986 2 Brazilian Real Brazil
BSD 044 2 Bahamian Dollar Bahamas
BTN 064 2 Ngultrum Bhutan
BWP 072 2 Botswana Pula Botswana
BYR 974 0 Belarussian Ruble Belarus
BZD 084 2 Belize Dollar Belize
CAD 124 2 Canadian Dollar Canada
CDF 976 2 Franc Congolais Democratic Republic of Congo
CHE 947 2 WIR Euro (complementary currency) Switzerland
CHF 756 2 Swiss Franc Switzerland
CHW 948 2 WIR Franc (complementary currency) Switzerland
CLF 990 0 Unidades de formento (Funds code) Chile
CLP 152 0 Chilean Peso Chile
CNY 156 2 Yuan Renminbi Mainland China
COP 170 2 Colombian Peso Colombia
COU 970 2 Unidad de Valor Real Colombia
CRC 188 2 Costa Rican Colon Costa Rica
CUP 192 2 Cuban Peso Cuba
CVE 132 2 Cape Verde Escudo Cape Verde
CYP 196 2 Cyprus Pound Cyprus
CZK 203 2 Czech Koruna Czech Republic
DJF 262 0 Djibouti Franc Djibouti
DKK 208 2 Danish Krone Denmark, Faroe Islands, Greenland
DOP 214 2 Dominican Peso Dominican Republic
DZD 012 2 Algerian Dinar Algeria
EEK 233 2 Kroon Estonia
EGP 818 2 Egyptian Pound Egypt
ERN 232 2 Nakfa Eritrea
ETB 230 2 Ethiopian Birr Ethiopia
EUR 978 2 Euro European Union, see eurozone
FJD 242 2 Fiji Dollar Fiji
FKP 238 2 Falkland Islands Pound Falkland Islands
GBP 826 2 Pound Sterling United Kingdom
GEL 981 2 Lari Georgia
GHC 288 2 Cedi Ghana
GIP 292 2 Gibraltar pound Gibraltar
GMD 270 2 Dalasi Gambia
GNF 324 0 Guinea Franc Guinea
GTQ 320 2 Quetzal Guatemala
GYD 328 2 Guyana Dollar Guyana
HKD 344 2 Hong Kong Dollar Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
HNL 340 2 Lempira Honduras
HRK 191 2 Croatian Kuna Croatia
HTG 332 2 Haiti Gourde Haiti
HUF 348 2 Forint Hungary
IDR 360 2 Rupiah Indonesia
ILS 376 2 New Israeli Shekel Israel
INR 356 2 Indian Rupee Bhutan, India
IQD 368 3 Iraqi Dinar Iraq
IRR 364 2 Iranian Rial Iran
ISK 352 2 Iceland Krona Iceland
JMD 388 2 Jamaican Dollar Jamaica
JOD 400 3 Jordanian Dinar Jordan
JPY 392 0 Japanese yen Japan
KES 404 2 Kenyan Shilling Kenya
KGS 417 2 Som Kyrgyzstan
KHR 116 2 Riel Cambodia
KMF 174 0 Comoro Franc Comoros
KPW 408 2 North Korean Won North Korea
KRW 410 0 South Korean Won South Korea
KWD 414 3 Kuwaiti Dinar Kuwait
KYD 136 2 Cayman Islands Dollar Cayman Islands
KZT 398 2 Tenge Kazakhstan
LAK 418 2 Kip Laos
LBP 422 2 Lebanese Pound Lebanon
LKR 144 2 Sri Lanka Rupee Sri Lanka
LRD 430 2 Liberian Dollar Liberia
LSL 426 2 Loti Lesotho
LTL 440 2 Lithuanian Litas Lithuania
LVL 428 2 Latvian Lats Latvia
LYD 434 3 Libyan Dinar Libya
MAD 504 2 Moroccan Dirham Morocco, Western Sahara
MDL 498 2 Moldovan Leu Moldova
MGA 969 0 Malagasy Ariary Madagascar
MKD 807 2 Denar Republic of Macedonia
MMK 104 2 Kyat Myanmar
MNT 496 2 Tugrik Mongolia
MOP 446 2 Pataca Macau Special Administrative Region
MRO 478 2 Ouguiya Mauritania
MTL 470 2 Maltese Lira Malta
MUR 480 2 Mauritius Rupee Mauritius
MVR 462 2 Rufiyaa Maldives
MWK 454 2 Kwacha Malawi
MXN 484 2 Mexican Peso Mexico
MXV 979 2 Mexican Unidad de Inversion (UDI) (Funds code) Mexico
MYR 458 2 Malaysian Ringgit Malaysia
MZN 943 2 Metical Mozambique
NAD 516 2 Namibian Dollar Namibia
NGN 566 2 Naira Nigeria
NIO 558 2 Cordoba Oro Nicaragua
NOK 578 2 Norwegian Krone Norway
NPR 524 2 Nepalese Rupee Nepal
NZD 554 2 New Zealand Dollar Cook Islands, New Zealand, Niue, Pitcairn, Tokelau
OMR 512 3 Rial Omani Oman
PAB 590 2 Balboa Panama
PEN 604 2 Nuevo Sol Peru
PGK 598 2 Kina Papua New Guinea
PHP 608 2 Philippine Peso Philippines
PKR 586 2 Pakistan Rupee Pakistan
PLN 985 2 Zloty Poland
PYG 600 0 Guarani Paraguay
QAR 634 2 Qatari Rial Qatar
ROL 642 2 Old Romanian Leu Romania
RON 946 2 New Leu Romania
RSD 941 2 Serbian Dinar Serbia
RUB 643 2 Russian Ruble Russia, Abkhazia, South Ossetia
RWF 646 0 Rwanda Franc Rwanda
SAR 682 2 Saudi Riyal Saudi Arabia
SBD 090 2 Solomon Islands Dollar Solomon Islands
SCR 690 2 Seychelles Rupee Seychelles
SDD 736 2 Sudanese Dinar Sudan
SEK 752 2 Swedish Krona Sweden
SGD 702 2 Singapore Dollar Singapore
SHP 654 2 Saint Helena Pound Saint Helena
SIT 705 2 Tolar Slovenia
SKK 703 2 Slovak Koruna Slovakia
SLL 694 2 Leone Sierra Leone
SOS 706 2 Somali Shilling Somalia
SRD 968 2 Surinam Dollar Suriname
STD 678 2 Dobra São Tomé and Príncipe
SYP 760 2 Syrian Pound Syria
SZL 748 2 Lilangeni Swaziland
THB 764 2 Baht Thailand
TJS 972 2 Somoni Tajikistan
TMM 795 2 Manat Turkmenistan
TND 788 3 Tunisian Dinar Tunisia
TOP 776 2 Pa'anga Tonga
TRY 949 2 New Turkish Lira Turkey
TTD 780 2 Trinidad and Tobago Dollar Trinidad and Tobago
TWD 901 2 New Taiwan Dollar Taiwan and other islands that are under the effective control of the Republic of China (ROC)
TZS 834 2 Tanzanian Shilling Tanzania
UAH 980 2 Hryvnia Ukraine
UGX 800 2 Uganda Shilling Uganda
USD 840 2 US Dollar American Samoa, British Indian Ocean Territory, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guam, Haiti, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Panama, East Timor, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States, Virgin Islands
USN 997 2 United States
USS 998 2 United States
UYU 858 2 Peso Uruguayo Uruguay
UZS 860 2 Uzbekistan Som Uzbekistan
VEB 862 2 Venezuelan bolívar Venezuela
VND 704 2 Dong Vietnam
VUV 548 0 Vatu Vanuatu
WST 882 2 Samoan Tala Samoa
XAF 950 0 CFA Franc BEAC Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon
XAG 961 . Silver (one Troy ounce)
XAU 959 . Gold (one Troy ounce)
XBA 955 . European Composite Unit (EURCO) (Bonds market unit)
XBB 956 . European Monetary Unit (E.M.U.-6) (Bonds market unit)
XBC 957 . European Unit of Account 9 (E.U.A.-9) (Bonds market unit)
XBD 958 . European Unit of Account 17 (E.U.A.-17) (Bonds market unit)
XCD 951 2 East Caribbean Dollar Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
XDR 960 . Special Drawing Rights International Monetary Fund
XFO Nil . Gold franc (special settlement currency) Bank for International Settlements
XFU Nil . UIC franc (special settlement currency) International Union of Railways
XOF 952 0 CFA Franc BCEAO Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo
XPD 964 . Palladium (one Troy ounce)
XPF 953 0 CFP franc French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna
XPT 962 . Platinum (one Troy ounce)
XTS 963 . Code reserved for testing purposes
XXX 999 . No currency
YER 886 2 Yemeni Rial Yemen
ZAR 710 2 South African Rand South Africa
ZMK 894 2 Kwacha Zambia
ZWD 716 2 Zimbabwe Dollar Zimbabwe

[edit] Without currency code

A number of territories are not included in ISO 4217, because their currencies are not per se an independent currency, but a variant of another currency. These currencies are:

  1. Faroese króna (1:1 pegged to the Danish krone)
  2. Guernsey pound (1:1 pegged to the pound sterling)
  3. Jersey pound (1:1 pegged to the pound sterling)
  4. Isle of Man pound (1:1 pegged to the pound sterling)
  5. Tuvaluan dollar (1:1 pegged to the Australian dollar).

The following non-ISO codes are, however, sometimes used: "GGP" for the Guernsey pound", "JEP" for the Jersey pound and "IMP" for the Isle of Man pound [1].

[edit] Obsolete currency codes

[edit] Replaced by the euro

The following 14 currencies were official ISO 4217 currency codes and currency names until the replacement of these currencies by the euro was completed in early 2002:

Code Num Currency
ADP 020 Andorran Peseta (1:1 peg to the Spanish Peseta)
ATS 040 Austrian Schilling
BEF 056 Belgian Franc (currency union with LUF)
DEM 276 Deutsche Mark
ESP 724 Spanish Peseta
FIM 246 Finnish Markka
FRF 250 French Franc
GRD 300 Greek Drachma
IEP 372 Irish Pound (Punt in Irish language)
ITL 380 Italian Lira
LUF 442 Luxembourg Franc (currency union with BEF)
NLG 528 Netherlands Guilder
PTE 620 Portuguese Escudo
XEU 954 European Currency Unit (1 XEU = 1 EUR)

[edit] Replaced for other reasons

Note that the currency names used below may not match the currency names used in the ISO standard itself, but the codes do match.

Code Num Currency Replaced by
ADF ... Andorran Franc (1:1 peg to the french franc)
AFA 004 Afghani AFN
ALK ... Albanian old lek ALL
AON 024 Angolan New Kwanza AOA
AOR 982 Angolan Kwanza Readjustado AOA
ARP ... Peso Argentino ARS
ARY ... Argentine peso ARS
AZM 031 Azerbaijani manat AZN
BEC 993 Belgian Franc (convertible)
BEL 992 Belgian Franc (financial)
BGJ ... Bulgarian lev A/52 BGN
BGK ... Bulgarian lev A/62 BGN
BGL 100 Bulgarian lev A/99 BGN
BOP ... Bolivian peso BOB
BRB ... Brazilian cruzeiro BRL
BRC ... Brazilian cruzado BRL
CFP ... Change Franc Pacifique XFP
CNX ... Chinese People's Bank dollar CNY
CSJ ... Czechoslovak koruna A/53
CSK 200 Czechoslovak koruna CZK and SKK
DDM 278 mark der DDR (East Germany) DEM
ECS 218 Ecuador sucre USD
ECV 983 Ecuador Unidad de Valor Constante (Funds code) (discontinued)
EQE ... Equatorial Guinean ekwele XAF
ESA 996 Spanish peseta (account A)
ESB 995 Spanish peseta (account B)
GNE ... Guinean syli XOF
GWP 624 Guinea peso XOF
ILP ... Israeli pound ILR
ILR ... Israeli old shekel ILS
ISJ ... Icelandic old krona ISK
LAJ ... Lao kip - Pot Pol LAK
MAF ... Mali franc XOF
MGF 450 Malagasy franc MGA
MKN ... Macedonian denar A/93 MKD
MVQ ... Maldive rupee MVR
MXP ... Mexican peso MXN
MZM 508 Metical MZN
PEH ... Peruvian sol PEI
PEI ... Peruvian inti PEN
PLZ 616 Polish zloty A/94 PLN
ROK ... Romanian leu A/52 ROL
ROL 642 Romanian leu A/05 RON
RUR 810 Russian ruble RUB
SRG 740 Suriname guilder SRD
SUR ... Soviet Union ruble RUB
SVC 222 Salvadoran colón USD
TJR 762
TPE 626 Timor escudo
TRL 792 Turkish lira A/05 TRY
UAK 804 Ukrainian karbovanets UAH
UGW ... Ugandan old shilling UGX
UYN ... Uruguay old peso UYU
VNC ... Vietnamese old dong VND
YDD 720 South Yemeni dinar YER
YUD ... New Yugoslavian Dinar CSD
YUM 891 Yugoslavian Dinar CSD
ZAL 991 South African financial rand (Funds code) (discontinued)
ZRN 180 New Zaire CDF
ZRZ ... Zaire CDF
ZWC ... Zimbabwe Rhodesian dollar ZWD

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

[edit] Currency conversion

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ISO 4217

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