Kecskemét

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Coordinates: 46.90037° 19.69170°

Kecskemét
Country: Hungary
County: Bács-Kiskun
Area: 321.36 km²
Population (2005):
- Density:
108,286
336.96/km²
Postal code: 6000
Area code: 76
Coordinates: 46.90037° N 19.69170° E

<tr><td>Home page:</td><td>www.kecskemet.hu</td></tr>

Kecskemét is a city in the central part of Hungary. It is the 8th largest city of the country, and the county seat of Bács-Kiskun.

Contents

[edit] Location

Kecskemét lies halfway between Budapest and Szeged, 86 kilometres from both of them, almost equal distance from the two big rivers of the country, the Danube and the Tisza.

[edit] Geography

Kecskemét was formed at the meeting point of a large sandy region and a sandy yellow soil, its height is 120 meters above sea level. The territory west of the city is covered by wind-blown sand that is characterized by the almost parallel northern-southern sand-hills and the plain lands among them. At the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries the pastures were impoverished, at many places destroying the natural vegetation cover and at many places causing movement of the sand that seriously endangered the town, too. The sand that was blown by the wind was later tied up by afforestation and planting fruit and vines.

[edit] Climate

The characteristic feature of weather in the Kecskemét region of Kiskunság is extremism, that's why the region is often in the center of attention. The characteristic weather of the Kecskemét region is continental warm, dry, sometimes extreme. The favourable conditions of sunlight make it possible for the region to produce world famous products of some plants like wheat, apricot, red pepper, tomato, etc. The warmest month in Kecskemét is July with an average temperature of 20.9 degrees Celsius, the coldest is January with −1.9 degrees Celsius.

The early spring and late autumn frosts are frequent in the Great Hungarian Plain. The tendency of frost usually disappears only from the middle of April, and from the third decade of October we have to count on having air temperature below 0 °C.

Kecskemét is in the center of Kiskunság one of Hungary's famous regions. The Kiskunság National Park was established in 1975 to preserve the different species of plants and animals that can be found in this region. It is a so called "mosaic" type arranged national park, consisting of units that are not close to each other which is considered a rarity in the international sense as well.

[edit] Demographics

Kecskemét has 107,267 residents (2001). The population is homogeneous with a Hungarian majority. There are a few thousand Roma minority living here; they formed their independent minority government in 1994. (95% Hungarian; 0.8% Roma; 0.4% German; 0.2% Slovakian; 4.8% other.)

[edit] History

According to archaeological findings the area has been inhabited at least for 5000 years. In the 14th century Kecskemét was already a town. During the Ottoman occupation of Hungary the town prospered thanks to its role in trade and the fact that people were moving to the towns from the more vulnerable villages. The Ottoman Sultan took a liking to the town and spared it destruction.

In the 19th century it was already part of an important wine district, and it is still known for its barackpálinka, an apricot brandy.

The composer Zoltán Kodály was born here in 1882 in the current train station.

Because of the excellent town planning skills of József Kerényi, the historical character of the city was kept alive in modern times.

[edit] City parts of Kecskemét

Image:Megyeszékhelyek - Bács-Kiskun megye - Kecskemét.jpg
Aerial photography: Kecskemét - Hungary


Kecskemét is divided into 21+1 sections.

  • Belváros (Downtown)
  • I. Árpádváros
  • II. Máriaváros
  • III. Széchenyiváros
  • IV. Bethlenváros
  • V. Rákócziváros
  • VI. Erzsébetváros
  • VII. Kossuthváros
  • VIII. Hunyadiváros
  • IX. Szent István-város (Műkertváros, Szolnoki-hegy)
  • X. Szent László-város (Rendőrfalu)
  • XI. Alsószéktó (Szeleifalu)
  • XII. Felsőszéktó (Petőfiváros, Sutusfalu)
  • XIII. Talfája
  • XIV. Katonatelep
  • XV. Repülőtér (Reptéri-lakótelep)
  • XVI. Matkó
  • XVII. Kadafalva
  • XVIII. Szarkás
  • XIX. Hetényegyháza
  • XX. Méntelek
  • XXI. Borbáspuszta

[edit] Tourist sights

Image:Kecskemet City Hall2.jpg
City Hall, Kecskemet, Hungary
  • City Hall
  • "Cifra Palota"
  • Old Church
  • Synagogue
  • József Katona Theatre

[edit] Sports, Martial Arts

[edit] Sister cities

[edit] Miscellaneous topics

The name of the city stems from the Hungarian word kecske meaning 'goat'.

[edit] Local regular military unit

The MH 59th "Szentgyörgyi Dezső" Air Base, the only jet fighter unit of the Magyar Honvédség stations in the city.

[edit] List of famous residents

There are streets, squares, and statues named after all of them in Kecskemét.

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

County of Bács-Kiskun
</b> Bács-Kiskun Topics | History | Geography | Government | Politics | Economy | People from Bács-Kiskun
County seat Kecskemét
Cities and towns Bácsalmás | Baja | Dunavecse | Izsák | Jánoshalma | Kalocsa | Kecel | Kerekegyháza | Kiskőrös | Kiskunfélegyháza | Kiskunhalas | Kiskunmajsa | Kunszentmiklós | Lajosmizse | Solt | Soltvadkert | Szabadszállás | Tiszakécske | Tompa</font>
Villages Ágasegyháza | Akasztó | Apostag | Bácsbokod | Bácsborsód | Bácsszentgyörgy | Bácsszőlős | Ballószög | Balotaszállás | Bátmonostor | Bátya | Bócsa | Borota | Bugac | Bugaspusztaháza | Császártöltés | Csátalja |Csávoly | Csengőd | Csikéria | Csólyospálos | Dávod | Drágszél | Dunaegyháza | Dunafalva | Dunapataj | Dunaszentbenedek | Dunatetétlen | Dusnok | Érsekcsanád | Érsekhalma | Fajsz | Felsőlajos | Felsőszentiván | Foktő | Fülöpháza | Fülöpjakab | Fülöpszállás | Gara | Gátér | Géderlak | Hajós | Harkakötöny | Harta | Helvécia | Hercegszántó | Homokmégy | Imrehegy | Jakabszállás | Jászszentlászló | Kaskantyú | Katymár  | Kelebia | Kéleshalom | Kisszállás | Kömpöc | Kunadacs | Kunbaja | Kunbaracs | Kunfehértó | Kunpeszér | Kunszállás | Ladánybene | Lakitelek | Madaras | Mátételke | Mélykút | Miske | Móricgát | Nagybaracska | Nemesnádudvar | Nyárlőrinc | Ordas | Öregcsertő | Orgovány | Páhi | Pálmonostora | Petőfiszállás | Pirtó | Rém  | Soltszentimre | Szakmár | Szalkszentmárton | Szank | Szentkirály | Szeremle | Sükösd | Tabdi | Tass | Tataháza | Tázlár | Tiszaalpár | Tiszaug | Újsolt | Újtelek | Uszód | Városföld | Vaskút | Zsana
Counties of Hungary Image:Flag of Hungary.svg
Counties: Bács-Kiskun | Baranya | Békés | Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén | Csongrád | Fejér | Győr-Moson-Sopron | Hajdú-Bihar | Heves | Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok | Komárom-Esztergom | Nógrád | Pest | Somogy | Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg | Tolna | Vas | Veszprém | Zala
Urban counties: Békéscsaba | Debrecen | Dunaújváros | Eger | Érd | Győr | Hódmezővásárhely | Kaposvár | Kecskemét | Miskolc | Nagykanizsa | Nyíregyháza | Pécs | Salgótarján | Sopron | Szeged | Szekszárd | Székesfehérvár | Szolnok | Szombathely | Tatabánya | Veszprém | Zalaegerszeg
Capital: Budapest
See also: Administrative divisions of the Kingdom of Hungary; Geography of Hungary
bg:Кечкемет

cs:Kecskemét de:Kecskemét eo:Kecskemét fr:Kecskemét it:Kecskemét hu:Kecskemét nl:Kecskemét pl:Kecskemét pt:Kecskemét ro:Kecskemét ru:Кечкемет fi:Kecskemét sv:Kecskemét zh:凯奇凯梅特

Kecskemét

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