Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug

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Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra (Russian: Ха́нты-Манси́йский автоно́мный о́круг — Югра́), or Khantia-Mansia, is a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug of Tyumen Oblast). The people native of the region are the Khanty and the Mansi, known collectively as Ob Ugric people, whose languages are the closest relatives to Hungarian.

The general territory was known as Yugra.

Khantia-Mansia has an area of 523,100 km², but the area is sparsely populated with a total population of 1,432,817 as of the 2002 Census. The administrative center is Khanty-Mansiysk, with 53,953 inhabitants, but the largest cities of the region are Surgut (285,027), Nizhnevartovsk (239,044), and Nefteyugansk (107,830). Birth rate was 13.99 in 2004 and 13.80 in 2005.

The local languages, Khanty language and Mansi language are co-official in this region along with Russian.

The majority of the oil produced in Russia comes from Khantia-Mansia, giving the region great economic importance.

The okrug was established on December 4, 1939, as the Autonomous District of the Ostyaks and Voguls (Остя́ко-Вогу́льский автоно́мный о́круг). In 1942, it was renamed Autonomous District of the Khanty and Mansis.

[edit] Geography

Principal rivers in this region are Ob and its tributary Irtysh.

[edit] Time zone

Khantia-Mansia is located in the Yekaterinburg Time Zone (YEKT/YEKST). UTC offset is +0500 (YEKT)/+0600 (YEKST).

[edit] Administrative divisions

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Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk1 | Perm | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk2 | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka3 | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tula | Tver | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous oblast Jewish
Autonomous okrugs Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia1 | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia3 | Nenetsia | Taymyria1 | Ust-Orda Buryatia2 | Yamalia
  1. On January 1, 2007, Evenk and Taymyr Autonomous Okrugs will be merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai.
  2. On January 1, 2008, Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug will be merged into Irkutsk Oblast.
  3. On July 1 2007, Kamchatka Oblast and Koryak Autonomous Okrug will merge to form Kamchatka Krai.
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