Military of Lithuania

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Military of Lithuania
Military manpower
Military age 18 years of age
Availability males age 15–49: 925,551 (2000 est.)
Fit for military service males age 15–49: 727,609 (2000 est.)
Reaching military age annually males: 27,259 (2000 est.)
Active troops
Military expenditures
Amount $181 million (FY99)
Percent of GDP 1.5% (FY99)

The Lithuanian Armed Forces consist of 16000 personnel in uniform.

Lithuania's defense system is based on the concept of "total and unconditional defense" mandated by Lithuania's national security strategy. The goal of Lithuania's defense policy is to prepare their society for general defense and to integrate Lithuania into Western security and defense structures. The defense ministry is responsible for combat forces, search/rescue, and intelligence operations. There is a mandatory 1-year conscription, with alternative service available for conscientious objectors.

The 5,400 border guards fall under the Interior Ministry's supervision and are responsible for border protection, passport and customs duties, and share responsibility with the navy for smuggling/drug trafficking interdiction. A special security department handles VIP protection and communications security.

Lithuania cooperates with Estonia and Latvia in the joint infantry battalion BALTBAT and naval squadron BALTRON as well as with Poland in the LITPOLBAT, all of which are available for peacekeeping operations.

NATO jets are involved in the patrolling and protection of Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian air space (Baltic Air Policing). No threat is perceived, however the NATO treaty requires air defence patrols of partner countries' airspace. Each contributing nation deploys aircraft for a period of four months to the former Soviet air base Siauliai. Air force detachments from Belgium, Denmark, United Kingdom, Norway, the Netherlands, Germany, the United States and Poland have undertaken the mission. Turkey is the current NATO member participating.

The Lithuanian Armed Forces consist of Ground Forces, Navy, Air and Air Defense Force, Security Forces (internal and border troops), and Voluntary National Defence Forces (KASP).


[edit] Organisation

[edit] Flag Officers (OF 10 - 6) and Officers (5 - 1)

NATO CodeOF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF-D-Student Officer
Image:Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania (Edit) No Equivalent No Equivalent Image:LT-Army-OF8.jpg Image:LT-Army-OF7.jpg Image:LT-Army-OF6.jpg Image:LT-Army-OF5.jpg Image:LT-Army-OF4.jpg Image:LT-Army-OF3.jpg Image:LT-Army-OF2.jpg Image:LT-Army-OF1a.jpg Image:LT-Army-OF1b.jpg No Equivalent Image:LT-Army-OF1d.jpg
Generolas leitenantas Generolas majoras Brigados generolas Pulkininkas Pulkininkas leitenantas Majoras Kapitonas Vyresnysis leitenantas Leitenantas Kariunas

[edit] Lithuanian Army

The Army has 5800 personnel. The core of the Lithuanian force structure is the Geležinis Vilkas ('Iron Wolf' Mechanised Infantry Brigade - fully operational in 2005) consisting of two mechanised battalions, one motorised battalion, one artillery battalion, logistics and support battalions. An additional three battalions are located in the western military district. The National Volunteer Defense Forces consist of one battalion-sized unit in each of Lithuania's 10 districts.

Since the summer of 2005 Lithuania has been part of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan (ISAF), leading a Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) in the town of Chaghcharan in the province of Ghor. Currently, there are 190 soliders stationed in Ghor. The PRT includes personnel from Denmark, Iceland and USA.

Currently is part of the Multinational force in Iraq, Lithuania also has 50 soliders that is under Danish command.



AntiTank guns:

Anti Aircraft:

[edit] Lithuanian Navy

The Navy has 700 personnel. The Navy structure consists of naval headquarters, Sea Coastal Surveillance System (SCSS), mine coutermeasures, frigates, patrol ships and small boat squadrons. The current Commander in Chief of the Lithuanian Navy is Rear Admiral (l.h.) Kestutis Macijauskas. The main Naval base and headquarters are located in the city of Klaipėda. The Navy uses patrol boats and former Russian corvettes for coastal surveillance. The vessels are organized into a Combat Ship Squadron (F) and a Patrol Boat Squadron (P). One command ship (A) is part of each squadron.

[edit] Lithuanian Air Force

The Air Force has 1200 personnel and operates 28 planes and 14 helicopters, including a fighter squardon, 6 L-39ZA armed trainers, a transport squadron the consists of 3 AN-26 , 2 L-410, and 6 AN-2 and 9 helicopters Mi-8. The military command center is in Šiauliai (Zokniai Airport). For reconnaissance and border patrol are located in smaller airfields located in Šilutė (Šilutė Airport), in Kyviškės (Kyviškės Airport), in Panevėžys (Pajuostis Airport) and in Kazlų Rūda (Kazlų Rūda Airport). Aircraft used at these locations includes 6 Yakovlev Yak-52,1 Yakovlev Yak-18T, 4 PZL-104 Wilga, as well as 2 Eurocopter Colibri and 3 Eurocopter EC 145.

Due to NATO advice, it is planned to leave only one base at Šiauliai, and also the airspace protected by other NATO members. The base at Šiauliai is also where the NATO jets devoted to patrolling of Lithuanian, Latvian, and Estonian air space are based. Lithuania ordered 3 C-27J transport planes. Deliver will start in late 2006.

See also List of airports in Lithuania.

[edit] External link

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