Military of Slovenia

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Armed forces of Slovenia
Image:Znaksv.gif
Military manpower
Military age 17 years of age for voluntary military service; conscription abolished in 2003 (2004)
Availability males age 17-49: 496,929; females age 17-49: 483,959 (2005 est.)
Fit for military service males age 17-49: 405,593; females age 17-49: 397,167 (2005 est.)
Reaching military age annually males: 12,816; females age 17-49: 12,178 (2005 est.)
Expenditure
Euro figure €300 million (FY00)
US Dollar figure $370 million (FY00)
Percent of GDP
(2005)
1.7%

The Military of Slovenia consists of the Slovenian Armed Forces (also Slovenian Army; officially Slovene Slovenska vojska; SAF/SV). The SAF are the armed forces of Slovenia. As of 2003 it is organized as a fully proffesional standing army. The Commander-in-Chief of the SAF is the President of the Republic of Slovenia (Janez Drnovšek), while operational command is in the domain of the Chief of the General Staff of the Slovenian Armed Forces (Albin Gutman).

Contents

[edit] History

The current Slovenian Armed Forces are descended from the Territorial Defense of the Republic Slovenia (Teritorialna obramba Republike Slovenije; TORS), which was formed in 1968 as a paramilitary organization in the former Yugoslav republic of Slovenia. The main objectives of this organisation were to support the Yugoslav National Army (JLA) and to conduct guerilla operations in the event of an invasion.

When Slovenia declared its independence in the midst of the Yugoslav Civil Wars in 1991, the TORS and the Slovenian police formed the majority of forces engaging the Yugoslav People's Army during the Ten-Day War. And the Slovenian Armed Forces were formally established in 1993 as part of the reorganisation of the TORS.

[edit] Current Status

Image:Ladislav Lipic 02.jpg
Generalmajor Ladislav Lipič
Former Chief of the General Staff of the Slovenian Armed Forces

A major reorganization of the Slovenian Armed Forces is currently underway, with the goal of changing it from a territorial defense force into a deployable force primarily aimed at peacekeeping. After 1993, the Slovenian Armed Forces had relied on mandatory military service, with conscripts receiving 6-7 months of training. In 2003, the Slovenian Government abolished conscription and as of July 2004, the Slovenian Armed Forces had been almost completely reorganised into a professional army now based on volunteers. Currently there are approximately 7,500 officers and approximately 33,000 enlisted personnel, reduced from 55,000 personnel during conscription. Slovenian Army now consists of two brigades, the 1st and 72nd. The Slovenian Army consists primarily of infantry, but it also contains a small air force and naval unit which are subordinate to it.

[edit] NATO Membership

As part of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Slovenia was never a member of the Warsaw Pact. Today, the foreign policy priority of NATO membership drives Slovenia's defense reorganization. Once many countries lifted the arms embargo on Slovenia in 1996, the country embarked on a military procurement program to bolster its status as a NATO candidate and to aid its transformation into a mobile force. Active in the SFOR deployment in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia is also a charter member of Partnership for Peace and a regular participant in PfP exercises. The United States provides bilateral military assistance to Slovenia, including through the International Military Education and Training (IMET) program, the State Partnership Program (aligned with Colorado), and the EUCOM Joint Contact Team Program.

Slovenia formally joined NATO in March 2004.[1] The transition of her armed forces from a primarily conscript-based territorial defense organization to a professional force structure have the ultimate goal of creating NATO-interoperable combat units able to operate on an even par with units from other NATO armies. Implementation of interoperability objectives as determined by the Planning and Review Process (PARP) and the Individual Partnership Program (IPP) as part of Slovenia's PfP participation proceeds. Slovenia's elite units already train with and are integrated into international units including NATO members--for example as part of SFOR and on Cyprus. Its elite mountain troops will be assigned to the Multinational Land Force peacekeeping battalion with Italy, Hungary, and Croatia. Slovenia hosted its first PfP exercise in 1998--"Cooperative Adventure Exchange"--a multinational disaster-preparedness command post exercise involving almost 6,000 troops from 19 NATO and PfP member nations.

Slovenian soldiers are a part of international forces serving in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq. They have also served in Cyprus and the Golan Heights as a part of UNFICYP and UNDOF respectively.

[edit] Organization

The Slovenian Armed Forces are organized as single-branch armed forces with the army as their primary component. The naval force (one detachment) and the air force (one helicopter battalion, school unit and bases) are included as support elements of the army and not as independent branches.

The personnel is divided into three categories:

  • professional soldiers (full-time soldiers)
  • contract reserve soldiers (serve up to 30 days per year)
  • voluntary recruits (basic training)

[edit] Commands and units

  • General Staff of the Slovenian Armed Forces (Generalštab Slovenske vojske)
  • Verification Centre of the Slovenian Armed Forces (Verifikacijski center Slovenske vojske)
  • Forces Command of the Slovenian Armed Forces (Poveljstvo sil Slovenske vojske)
  • 10th Motorized Battalion
  • 20th Motorized Battalion
  • 17th Military Police Battalion
  • 670th Command-Logistics Battalion
  • 132nd Mountain Battalion
  • 45th Armoured Battalion
  • 74th Armoured-Mechanized Battalion
  • 460th Artillery Battalion
  • 18th NBCD Battalion
  • 76th Anti-armoured Company
  • 72nd Command-Logistics Company
  • 14th Engineer Battalion
  • Support Command
  • 71st Command-Logistics Company
  • Military Territorial Commands
  • 23rd Military Territorial Command
  • 24th Military Territorial Command
  • 25th Military Territorial Command
  • 32nd Military Territorial Command
  • 37th Military Territorial Command
  • 38th Military Territorial Command
  • Logistics Battalion
  • Military Medical Unit
  • Flight Base
  • 15th Helicopter Battalion
  • 9th Air Defense Battalion
  • 11th Communications Battalion
  • 16th Air Control Battalion
  • 430th Naval Detachment
  • Intellingence-Reconnaissance Battalion
  • Command Headquarters
  • Unit for Special Activities
  • Unit for Electronical Warfare
  • Command-Logistics Company
  • Command for Doctrine, Development, Education and Training of the Slovenian Armed Forces (Poveljstvo za doktrino, razvoj, izobraževanje in usposabljanje Slovenske vojske)
  • Noncommissioned Officer's School
  • Sports Unit
  • Library and Information Centre
  • Military Museum
  • Commissioned Officer's School
  • Command Staff School
  • Centre for Doctrine and Development
  • School for Foreign Languages
  • Centre for Training
  • Flight School

[edit] Weapons and equipment

[edit] Infantry

[edit] Small Arms

[edit] Antitank weapons

[edit] Anti-Aircraft Weapons

[edit] Artillery

[edit] Tanks and IFVs

[edit] Air Force

[edit] Airplanes

[edit] Helicopters

[edit] Naval Force

[edit] Other Vehicles

[edit] Gallery

[edit] International Cooperation

As Slovenia is part of NATO and the European Union, the Slovenian Armed Forces participate in many (military) aspects of both organizations.


Current Mission Country Organization Nr. of personnel
ALTHEA EUFOR Bosnia and Herzegovina 91
Joint Enterprise NATO Bosnia and Herzegovina 2
Joint Enterprise NATO Kosovo 88
CENTCOM NATO USA 2
UNTSO United Nations Syria 2
ISAF NATO Afghanistan 49
NATO Iraq 4


Former Mission Operation Country Organization Nr. of personnel Time
ALBA Operation Sunrise Albania OSCE 21 May-July 1997
UNFICYP / Cyprus United Nations 29 September 1997-June 2001
ALBA Operation Allied Harbour Albania NATO 26 May-July 1999
UNMIK / Kosovo United Nations 1 October 1999-December 2001
OHR / Bosnia and Hercegovina United Nations 1 July 2001-January 2003
 ? Operation Concordia Republic of Macedonia European Union 1 March 2003
MLF Operation Joint Guardian Kosovo NATO 11 November 2003-May 2004
/ Nato support to Pakistan Pakistan NATO 2 November 2005-January 2006


International military exercises Country Organization Nr. of personnel Time
Cooperative Nugget 1997 Fort Polk, USA Partnership for Peace/NATO 1997
Cooperative Adventure Exchange '98 Slovenia NATO 1998
Cooperative Key 2002 2002
Cunning Wassel 2002 2002
Clever Ferret 2003 2003
Elite 2003 2003

[edit] Military rank insignias

Generals/Generali
Image:SL-Army-OF9.gif Image:SL-Army-OF8.gif Image:SL-Army-OF7.gif
General Generalpodpolkovnik Generalmajor



Commisioned Officers/Častniki
Image:SL-Army-OF6.gif Image:SL-Army-OF5.gif Image:SL-Army-OF4.gif Image:SL-Army-OF3.gif Image:SL-Army-OF2.gif Image:SL-Army-OF1a.gif Image:SL-Army-OF1b.gif
Brigadir Polkovnik Podpolkovnik Major Stotnik Nadporočnik Poročnik



NCO's/Podčastniki
Image:SL-Army-OR9a.gif Image:SL-Army-OR9b.gif Image:SL-Army-OR9c.gif Image:SL-Army-OR8.gif Image:SL-Army-OR7a.gif Image:SL-Army-OR7b.gif Image:SL-Army-OR6.gif Image:SL-Army-OR5.gif
Višji štabni praporščak Štabni praporščak Višji praporščak Praporščak Višji štabni vodnik Štabni vodnik Višji vodnik Vodnik



Soldiers/Vojaki
Image:SL-Army-OR4a.gif Image:SL-Army-OR4b.gif Image:SL-Army-OR3.gif Image:SL-Army-OR1.gif
Naddesetnik Desetnik Poddesetnik Vojak

[edit] Data

Military branches: Slovenian Army (includes Air and Naval Forces)

Military manpower - military age: 19 years of age

Military manpower - availability:
males age 15-49: 525,031 (2000 est.)

Military manpower - fit for military service:
males age 15-49: 417,726 (2000 est.)

Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
males: 14,958 (2000 est.)

Military expenditures - dollar figure: $335 million (FY99)

Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 1.6% (FY99)

[edit] References and Links


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