Heads of state of Hungary

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For Heads of State in the Kingdom of Hungary, please visit the List of Hungarian rulers.

[edit] The first republic

The 1848 revolution had particular impact on the Kingdom of Hungary. The Magyars wanted to establish a Hungarian state, while the Croats sought autonomous government and separation from Hungary.

The independent Hungarian state was proclaimed on 14 April 1849, with Lajos Kossuth as Governor-President. On 13 August 1849, the Habsburgs reasserted their authority with the help of Russian troops.

Affiliation Ruler Reigns of rulers Remarks
Hungary declared complete independence from the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy on October 17 1918 and formed the First Republic (as the 1849 state is not counted)
Mihály Károlyi 16 November 191821 March 1919 president of the republic
Hungarian Party of Communists Sándor Garbai 21 March1 August 1919 Romania invades Hungary.
Acting Head of State Gyula Peidl 1 August6 August 1919 Title: president of the republic
First Republic abolished.
Archduke Joseph August of Austria 6 August23 October 1919 Regent
István Friedrich 23 October24 November 1919 president of the republic
Károly Huszár 24 November 19191 March 1920 president of the republic
Monarchy Restored
Regent Miklós Horthy 1 March 192015 October 1944 Head of state. (No king at the throne)
Arrow Cross puppet-government in part of the country, occupied by Nazis Ferenc Szálasi 16 October 194428 March 1945 Hungary is occupied by Nazi Germany.
anti-Nazi government (to April 1945: in part of the country, freed of Nazis) Béla Miklós 21 December 19442 February 1946 Hungary is occupied by the Red Army.
Second Hungarian Republic
Independent Smallholders' Party Zoltán Tildy 2 February 19462 August 1948 president of the republic
Hungarian Workers Party Árpád Szakasits 2 August 194826 April 1950 president of the republic
Renamed the "People's Republic of Hungary"
Hungarian Workers Party Sándor Rónai 26 April 195014 August 1952 chairman of the Council of President
Hungarian Socialist Workers Party István Dobi 14 August 195213 April 1967 chairman of the Council of President
Hungarian Revolt of 1956
Hungarian Socialist Workers Party Pál Losonczi 13 April 196725 June 1987 chairman of the Council of President
Hungarian Socialist Workers Party Károly Németh 25 June 198729 June 1988 chairman of the Council of President
Hungarian Socialist Workers Party Brunó Ferenc Straub 29 June 198818 October 1989 chairman of the Council of President
Third Hungarian Republic
Hungarian Socialist Workers Party Mátyás Szűrös 18 October 19892 May 1990 Interim President
Alliance of Free Democrats Árpád Göncz 2 May 19904 August 2000 president of the republic
Non-partisan Ferenc Mádl 4 August 20005 August 2005 president of the republic
Non-partisan László Sólyom 5 August 2005 – (incumbent) president of the republic

[edit] General Secretaries of the Hungarian Communist/Socialist Workers' Party (1945-1989)

hu:Magyarország kormányzói és köztársasági elnökei it:Presidenti dell'Ungheria pt:Lista de Chefes de Estado da Hungria

Heads of state of Hungary

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