Serbs

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This article is about the ethnic group who live in many countries. For just the multi-ethnic population of Serbia, see Serbians.
Serbs
(Срби)
Image:NSrbs.JPG
Total population 9 - 12 million (est.) [1]
Regions with significant populations Serbia:
  6,212,838 (2002) <ref name="2002 Census">Official results of 2002 Serbia census</ref>

Bosnia and Herzegovina:
  1,669,120 (2006)<ref name="CIA-BH">CIA Factbook 2006 for Bosnia and Herzegovina</ref>
Croatia:
   202,263 (2006)<ref name="CIA-HR">CIA Factbook 2006 for Croatia</ref>
Montenegro:
  200,897 (2003)<ref name="CIA-MN"> CIA Factbook 2006 for Montenegro</ref>
Germany<ref name="statistic">These population numbers have the potential to include Albanians from Kosovo, Montenegrins, and other non-Serbs, such as Vojvodina Hungarians or Bosniaks, because the respective countries derive their foreign population numbers from Serbia and Montenegro as a total entity. In addition, they exclude Serbs from outside of Serbia and Montenegro (Bosnia, Croatia...).</ref>:
   200,000-250,000<ref>Federal Statistical Office Germany: Foreign population on 31.12.2004 by country of origin</ref>
Austria<ref name="statistic" />:
   177,300<ref>Statistik Austria (page 75): Volkszählung 2001 Hauptergebnisse I - Österreich (PDF)</ref>
USA<ref name="statistic" />:
   174,562<ref>2002 American Community Survey Summary Tables Ancestry (Total Categories Tallied) for People With One or More Ancestry Categories Reported</ref> (2002)
Brazil<ref name="statistic" />:
   100,000<ref>2005 Australia: The Community Relations Commission For a multicultural NSW: Ancestry by Birthplace of Parent(s) - Australia : 2001 Census (PDF)</ref> (2001)
United Kingdom<ref name="statistic" />:
   70,000<ref>The Serbian Council of Great Britain</ref> (2005 est.)
France<ref name="statistic" />:
   60,000-80,000<ref>Ministère des Affaires étrangères: Présentation de la Communauté étatique de Serbie-et-Monténégro</ref>
Netherlands:
   60,000-72,500
Italy:
   64,070
Canada:
   55,540<ref>List of Canadians by ethnicity</ref> (2001 lower est.)
Switzerland:
   45,303<ref>Office fédéral de la statistique: Recensement fédéral de la population 2000 (PDF)</ref> (2000)
Albania<ref name="statistic" />:
   40,000<ref>Politika, December 19 2005, pg. 7: Часови на матерњем</ref>
Slovenia:
   38,964<ref>Statistični urad Republike Slovenije: 7. Prebivalstvo po narodni pripadnosti, Slovenija, popisi 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991 in 2002</ref> (2002)
Republic of Macedonia:
   35,939<ref>Државен завод за статистика: Попис на населението, домаќинствата и становите во Република Македонија, 2002: Дефинитивни податоци (PDF)</ref> (2002)
Sweden:
   35,000<ref>Aktivstad: [2] </ref> (2001)
Romania:
   22,518<ref>Agenţia Naţionala pentru Intreprinderi Mici si Mijlocii: Recensamânt România 2002</ref> (2002)
Elsewhere:
   50,000 (est)
Russia:
   4,156<ref>Федеральная служба государственной статистики: 4.1. Национальный состав населения</ref> (2002)
Hungary:
   3,816<ref>Hungarian Central Statistical Office: 1.28 Population by mother tongue, nationality and sex, 1900–2001</ref>

Language Serbian
Religion Dominantly Serbian Orthodox <tr>
<th style="background-color:#fee8ab;">Related ethnic groups</th>
<td style="background-color:#fff6d9;">other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs
See "Cognate peoples" below</td>

</tr>

Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. There is a sizable Serbian diaspora in Western Europe (predominantly concentrated in Germany, Switzerland and Austria), as well as in the United States and Canada.

Contents

[edit] Population

The majority of Serbs live in Serbia and Montenegro. Large indigenous Serb populations also live in Bosnia and Herzegovina, where they are a constitutive nation, and in Croatia (where they were a constitutive nation before 1990). Much smaller Serb minorities also exist in the Republic of Macedonia, Slovenia, Romania, Albania and Hungary. Many Serbs also live in the diaspora, notably in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, USA, Brazil, Canada and Australia.

The largest urban populations of Serbs in the former Yugoslavia are to be found in Belgrade (over 1,500,000), Novi Sad (c. 300,000), Niš (c. 250,000), Banja Luka (in Republika Srpska, Bosnia-Herzegovina)(c. 220,000), Kragujevac (c. 175,000) and East Sarajevo (in Republika Srpska, Bosnia-Herzegovina)(c. 130,000). Abroad, Vienna is said to be home to the largest Serb population followed by Chicago (and its surrounding area) with Toronto and Southern Ontario coming in third. 6.5 million Serbs constitute about 66% of the population of Serbia. Another 1,5 million used to live in Bosnia and Herzegovina[3] and 600,000 in Croatia[4] prior to the war, with another 200 thousand in Montenegro following its independence. In the 1991 census Serbs consisted 36% of the overall population of former Yugoslavia; there were around 8.5 million Serbs[5] in the entire country. The number of Serbs in the diaspora is unknown but is estimated to be between 1 and 2 million on one side, and up to 4 million according to Ministry for Diaspora Republic of Serbia,which includes people of Serbian descent. The maximum number of Serbs thus ranges anywhere from around 9 to 12 million, depending on the estimation used for the diaspora.

[edit] Culture

Main article: Serbian culture

Serbian culture refers to the culture of Serbia as well as the culture of Serbs in other parts of the former Yugoslavia and elsewhere in the world. The nearby Byzantine Empire had a strong influence in the Middle Ages while the Serb Orthodox Church has had an enduring influence. However one must note that first Serbian kings were crowned by the Vatican, not Constantinople, and that prior to the Ottoman invasion Serbs have had a strong Catholic element within them, especially in the coastal areas (Montenegro, Croatia). Bokelji are what remains of once strong Catholic population of Serbia (Bar beeing their Catholic see). Austrians and Hungarians have highly influenced Serbs of Vojvodina, Croatian Serbs and Bosnian Serbs to smaller extent, while Republic of Venice influenced Serbs living on the coast (Bay of Kotor for example). Serbian culture fell into decline during five centuries of rule under the Ottoman Empire. Following autonomy in 1817 and latter formal independence, there was a resurgence of Serbian culture in today's Central Serbia in the nineteenth century. Prior to that Habsburg Vojvodina was the cultural bastion of the Serbian national identity. Socialist Realism was predominant in official art during the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia but recent decades have seen a growing influence from the West as well as traditional culture.

Part of a series of articles on
Serbs
Image:Ocila.gif

Serbian culture
Literature · Music · Art · Cinema
Epic poetry · Clans · Costume
Kinship · Cuisine · Sport

By region or country
(including the diaspora)

Central Serbia · Kosovo · Vojvodina
Bosnia and Herzegovina · Montenegro
Croatia · Macedonia · Hungary
Romania · Albania · Germany
United States · Canada · Australia
By town or city
Budapest · Dubrovnik · Mostar · Osijek
Sarajevo · Szentendre · Timişoara
Trieste · Vienna · Zagreb
Subgroups
and closely related peoples

Bokelji · Bosniaks · Bunjevci · Croats
Goranci · Krashovani · Montenegrins
Muslims by nationality · Šokci
South Slavs · Torlaks · Yugoslavs

Serbian political entities
Serbia (Vojvodina · Kosovo)
BiH (Republika Srpska · Brčko · FBiH)
Montenegro

Serb Orthodox Church
Patriarchs · Monasteries · Saints

Serbian languages and dialects
Serbian · Serbo-Croat
Romano-Serbian · Slavoserbian
Shtokavian · Torlakian · Šatrovački

History · Timeline · Monarchs
Theories on the origin of the Serbs

Persecution of Serbs
Serbophobia · Jasenovac
Persecution in World War II

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[edit] Famous Serbs

Serbs have played a significant role in the development of the arts and sciences. Prominent individuals include the scientists Nikola Tesla, Mihajlo Pupin, Jovan Cvijić, and Milutin Milanković; the renowned mathematicians Jovan Karamata, Mihailo Petrović, and Đuro Kurepa; the famous composers Stevan Mokranjac and Stevan Hristić; the celebrated authors Borislav Pekić, and Miloš Crnjanski; the prolific inventor Ogneslav Kostović Stepanović; the polymath Đura Jakšić; the famous sports stars Vlade Divac and Peđa Stojaković; actor Karl Malden (Mladen Sekulovich) and the actress Mila Jovović (half Serbian). The Serb ruler during the middle ages (see List of Serbian rulers), Stephen Nemanja, and his son, Saint Sava, founded the monastery of Hilandar for the Serbian Orthodox Church, one of the greatest and oldest Orthodox Christian monuments in the world.

The mother of the last (Eastern) Roman Emperor, Constantine XI Paleologos Dragases, was a Serbian princess, Helena Dragash (Jelena Dragaš), and she liked to be known by her Serbian surname of Dragaš.

According to the National Enquirer, author Ian Fleming patterned James Bond after Dusko Popov, a real life Serbian double agent nicknamed "Tricycle".

Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb, assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand on 28 June 1914, precipitating the crisis between Austo-Hungary and Serbia that led to World War I.

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, himself a Russian, composed the Slavonic March (Marche Slave) in 1876, known at first as the “Serbo-Russian March”, based on the Serbian folk melody “Come, my Dearest, why So Sad this Morning?”.

For other famous Serbs, see List of Serbs.

[edit] Language

Most Serbs speak the Serbian language, a member of the South Slavic group of languages. While the Serbian identity is to some extent linguistic, apart from the Cyrillic alphabet which they use along with Latin alphabet, the language is very similar to the standard Croatian and Bosnian (see Differences in standard Serbian, Croatian and Bosnian) and some linguists still consider it part of the common Serbo-Croatian language.

There are several variants of Serbian language. The older forms of Serbian are Old Serbian and Russo-Serbian, a version of the Church Slavonic language.

Some members of the Serbian diaspora do not speak the language (mostly in the US, Canada and UK) but are still considered Serbs by ethnic origin or descent.

Non-Serbs who studied the Serbian language include such prominent individuals as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and J. R. R. Tolkien; see list of Serbian language speakers, learners, etc.

[edit] Surnames

Most Serbian surnames have the surname suffix -ić (IPA: /itj/, Cyrillic: -ић). This is often transcribed as -ic. In history, Serbian names have often been transcribed with a phonetic ending, -ich or -itch. This form is often associated with Serbs from before the early 20th century: hence Milutin Milanković is usually referred to, for historical reasons, as Milutin Milankovitch.

The -ić suffix is a Slavic diminutive, originally functioning to create patronymics. Thus the surname Petrić signifies little Petar, as does, for example, a common prefix Mac ("son of") in Scottish and O' in Irish names. It is estimated that some two thirds of all Serbian surnames end in -ić but that some 80% of Serbs carry such a surname with many common names being spread out among tens and even hundreds of non-related extended families.

Other common surname suffixes are -ov or -in which is the Slavic possessive case suffix, thus Nikola's son becomes Nikolin, Petar's son Petrov, and Jovan's son Jovanov. Those are more typical for Serbs from Vojvodina. The two suffixes are often combined.

The most common surnames are Nikolić, Petrović, and Jovanović.

[edit] Religion

Orthodox Christianity and the Serbian Orthodox Church have played a significant role in formation of Serbian identity. Conversion of south Slavs from paganism to Christianity took place before the Great Schism, the split between the Byzantine East and the Roman Catholic West. After the Schism, those who lived under the Orthodox sphere of influence became Orthodox and those who lived under the Catholic sphere of influence became Catholic. Later, with the arrival of the Ottoman Empire, many Slavs, especially in Bosnia converted to Islam. Some ethnologists consider that the distinct Serb, Croatian and Bosniak identities are drawn from religion rather than ethnicity. Other ethnologists (along with many nationalists) disagree, stating that the three nations have distinct ethnic roots and that the religion was a result rather than the cause of distinct ethnic identities.[citation needed]

[edit] Symbols

The Serbian flag is a red-blue-white tricolour. It is often combined with one or both of the other Serb symbols.

Both the eagle and the cross, besides being the basis for various Serbian coats of arms through history, are bases for the symbols of various Serbian organisations, political parties, institutions and companies.

Serbian folk attire varies, mostly because of the very diverse geography and climate of the territory inhabited by the Serbs. Some parts of it are, however, common:

  • A traditional shoe that is called the opanak. It is recognisable by its distinctive tips that spiral backward. Each region of Serbia has a different kind of tips.
  • A traditional hat that is called the šajkača. It is easily recognisable by its top part that looks like the letter V or like the bottom of a boat (viewed from above), after which it got its name. It gained wide popularity in the early 20th century as it was the hat of the Serbian army in the First World War. It is still worn everyday by some villagers today, and it was a common item of headgear among Bosnian Serb military commanders during the Bosnian War in the 1990s. However, "šajkača" is common mostly for the Serbian population living in the region of Central Serbia (Šumadija), while Serbs living in Vojvodina, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Croatia had different types of traditional hats, which are not similar to "šajkača". Different types of traditional hats could be also found in eastern and southern parts of Central Serbia.

'Three fingers' symbol means Holy Trinity.

[edit] Customs

Image:Serbian bagpiper.jpg
Serbian bagpiper in traditional attire wearing opanci and šajkača.

The Serbs are a highly family-oriented society. A peek into a Serbian dictionary and the richness of their terminology related to kinship speaks volumes.

Of all Slavs and Orthodox Christians, only Serbs have the custom of slava. The custom could also be found among some Russians and Albanians of Serbian origin although it has often been lost in the last century. Slava is celebration of a saint; unlike most customs that are common for the whole people, each family separately celebrates its own saint (of course, there is a lot of overlap) who is considered its protector. A slava is inherited from father to son and each household may only have one celebration which means that the occasion brings all of the family together.

Though a lot of old customs are now no longer practised, many of the customs that surround Serbian wedding still are.

The traditional Serbian dance is a circle dance called kolo. It is a collective dance, where a group of people (usually several dozen, at the very least three) hold each other by the hands or around the waist dancing, forming a circle (hence the name), semicircle or spiral. The same dance, with the same name, is also traditional among the Croats. Similar circle dances also exist in other cultures of the region.

Serbs have their own customs regarding Christmas. The Serbian Orthodox Church uses the Julian calendar, so Christmas currently falls on January 7 of the Gregorian calendar. Early in the morning of Christmas Eve, the head of the family would go to a forest in order to cut badnjak, a young oak, the oaktree would then be brought into the church to be blessed by the priest. Then the oaktree would be stripped of its branches with combined with wheat and other grain products would be burned in the fireplace. The burning of the badnjak is a ritual which is most certainly of pagan origin and it is considered a sacrifice to God (or the old pagan gods) so that the coming year may bring plenty of food, happiness, love, luck and riches. Nowadays, with most Serbs living in towns, most simply go to their church service to be given a small parcel of oak, wheat and other branches tied together to be taken home and set afire. The house floor and church is covered with hay, reminding worshippers of the stable in which Jesus was born.

Christmas Day itself is celebrated with a feast, necessarily featuring roasted piglet as the main meal. Another Christmas meal is a deliciously sweet cake made of wheat, called koljivo whose consumption is more for ritual than nourishment. One crosses oneself first, then takes a spoonful of the cake and savours it. But the most important Christmas meal is česnica, a special kind of bread. The bread contains a coin; during the lunch, the family breaks up the bread and the one who finds the coin is said to be assured of an especially happy year.

Christmas is not associated with presents like in the West, although it is the day of St Nicolas, the protector saint of children, to whom presents are given. However, most Serbian families give presents on New Year's Day. Santa Claus (Deda Mraz (literally meaning grandpa frost)) and the Christmas tree (but rather associated with New Year's Day) are also used in Serbia as result of globalisation. Serbs also celebrate the Orthodox New Year (currently on January 14th of the Gregorian Calendar).

Religious Serbs also celebrate other religious holidays and even non-religious people often celebrate Easter (on the Orthodox date).

For Serbian meals, see Serbian cuisine.

[edit] Name

The etymology of the word "Serb" (root: Srb) is not known. Numerous theories exist, but none can be said to be certain or even probable:

  1. Some believe that the name is of Sarmatian/Iranian origin. From which particular word it derives is unclear. However, one theory suggests it derives from the word "Sarv" which means "cypress" tree.
  2. Some [6] believe that the name comes from srkati, meaning "to suck in", referring to people so closely united as if they share mother's milk.
  3. Also, others argue that all Slavs originally called themselves Serbs, and that Serbs (and Sorbs) are simply the last Slavs who retained the name.
  4. There is also theory that name Serbs derived from the Caucasian word "ser", which means "man".
  5. There is theory that name Serbs connect with elite soldiers in Russia, "Sarbi".

However, one thing is certain: the name is very old. It is clearly a self-identification and not a given name as its root cannot be found in western European languages.

It is interesting that the etymology of the name of the Croats (root: Hrv) is also unknown. Some suggest that the names actually originate from the same root: indeed, the roots are distinctly similar (Srb/Hrv). However, it is not known whether this is merely coincidental or indicative of a common origin.

Regardless of the origin, the age and rarity of the name allows for certain historical conclusions based partly on it (for example, see Gordoservon).

[edit] History

Main article: History of Serbs
See also: Theories on the origin of Serbs, History of Serbs in Vojvodina, History of Serbs in Kosovo, History of Croatian Serbs, History of Bosnian Serbs, History of Serbia

The tribal designation Serboi first appears in the 1st century in the works of the Tacitus (c. 50 AD) and Pliny (69-75 AD), and also in the 2nd century in the Geography of Ptolemy (book 5, 9.21) to designate a tribe dwelling in Sarmatia, probably on the Lower Volga River.

The Slavs (including Serbs) came to the Balkans from a broad region in central and eastern Europe, which extended from the rivers Elbe in the west to the Dnieper in the east, and from a point which touched the Carpathian mountains in the south and the river Niemen in the north. Different tribes settled in different parts of the Balkan peninsula, subsequently developing their distinct identities after displacing the Romanized Vlach population which already was in the area. The Balkan Vlachs were descendants of Romanized Thracians and Dacians and over time these Vlachs mixed with Slavic tribes; thus present-day Slavic nations of the Balkans, including Bosnian Serbs, have both Slavic and Vlach ancestors.

Image:Serb lands04.png
Serb-ruled lands during the 9th century, mostly according to the Serbian interpretation of the De Administrando Imperio

The Serb settlement in the Balkans appears to have taken place between 610 and 640. The first certain data on the state of the Serboi, Serbia, dates to the 9th century. The Serbs were Christianized in several waves between the 7th and 9th century, with the last wave taking place between 867 and 874.

During and after that period, Serbs struggled to gain independence from the Byzantine Empire. The first Serb states were Rascia or Raška and Zeta. Their rulers had varying degrees of autonomy, until virtual independence was achieved under Saint Sava, who became the first head of the Serb Orthodox Church, and his brother Stefan Prvovenčani of Serbia, who became the first Serb king. Serbia did not exist as a state of that name, but was rather the region inhabited by the Serbs; its kings and tsars were called the "King of the Serbs" or "Tsar of the Serbs", not "King of Serbia" or "Tsar of Serbia". The medieval Serbian state is nonetheless often (if anachronistically) referred to as "Serbia".

Serbia reached its golden age under the House of Nemanjić, with the Serbian state reaching its apogee of power in the reign of Tsar Stefan Uroš Dušan. Serbia's power subsequently dwindled arising from interminable conflict among the nobility, rendering the country unable to resist the steady incursion of the Ottoman Empire into south-eastern Europe. The Battle of Kosovo in 1389 is commonly regarded in Serbian national mythology as the key event in the country's defeat by the Turks, although in fact, Ottoman rule was not fully imposed until some time later. After Serbia fell, Tvrtko Kotromanić, the king of Bosnia used the title "King of Bosnia, the Serbs, the West-ends and the Primorje" from 1389 to 1390.

As Christians, the Serbs were regarded as a "protected people" under Ottoman law. Some of them converted to Islam in order to be client or governer in Ottoman Empire. Beginning from period of Mehmed II most of the grand viziers are chosen from Serbs[citation needed].

At the beginning of the 19th century, the First Serbian Uprising succeeded in liberating at least some Serbs for a limited time. The Second Serbian Uprising was much more successful, resulting in Ottoman recognition of Serbia as autonomous principality within the Empire. Serbia acquired international recognition as an independent kingdom at the Congress of Berlin in 1878. However, many Serbs remained under foreign rule – that of the Ottomans in the south, and of the Habsburgs in the north and west. The southern Serbs were liberated in the First Balkan War of 1912, while the question of the Habsburg Serbs' independence was the spark that lit World War I two years later. During the war, the Serbian army fought fiercely, eventually retreating through Albania to regroup in Greece, and launched a counter-offensive through Macedonia. Though they were eventually victorious, the war devastated Serbia and killed a huge proportion of its population – by some estimates, over the half of the male Serbian population died in the conflict, influencing the region's demographics to this day.

After the war, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later called Yugoslavia) was created. Almost all Serbs finally lived in one state. The new state had its capital in Belgrade and was ruled by a Serbian king; it was, however, unstable and prone to ethnic tensions.

During the Second World War, the Axis Powers occupied Yugoslavia, dismembering the country. Serbia was occupied by the Germans, while in Bosnia and Croatia, Serbs were put under the rule of the Italians and the fascist Ustaša regime in the Independent State of Croatia. Under Ustaša rule in particular, Serbs and other non-Croats were subjected to systematic genocide, known as the Serbian genocide, when hundreds of thousands were killed. The Hungarian and Albanian fascists, who occupied northern and southern parts of the country, also performed persecutions and genocide against the Serb population from these regions.

After the war, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was formed. As with pre-war Yugoslavia, the country's capital was at Belgrade. Serbia was the largest republic. There were also two established autonomous provinces within Serbia - Kosovo (with an Albanian majority) and Vojvodina (with a Serb majority and a large number of different minorities). Besides Serbia, the large Serb populations were concentrated in Bosnia and Herzegovina (where they were largest ethnic group until 1971) and Croatia.

Communist Yugoslavia collapsed in the early 1990s, with four of its six republics becoming independent states. This led to several bloody civil wars, as the large Serbian communities in Croatia and Bosnia attempted to remain within Yugoslavia, then consisting of only Serbia and Montenegro. Serbs in Croatia formed their state of Republika Srpska Krajina, but after they were military defeated, most of them were expelled from this region by Croatian army. Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina formed their state of Republika Srpska, currently one of the two political entities that form the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Another war broke out in Kosovo (see Kosovo War) after years of tensions between Serbs and Albanians. Up to 250,000 Serbs left Croatia during the "Operation Storm" in 1995, and 300,000 left until 1993, and another 200,000 left Kosovo after the Kosovo War, and settled mostly in Central Serbia and Vojvodina as refugees.

[edit] Subgroups

The subgroups of Serbs are commonly based on regional affiliation. Some of the major subgroups of Serbs include: Šumadinci, Vojvođani, Bačvani, Banaćani, Sremci, Bokelji, Semberci, Krajišnici, Hercegovci, Torlaks, Shopi, etc.

Montenegrins were considered a subgroup of Serbs for a long time by themselves, as well as by Serbs outside Montenegro. In the late 20th century, a strong independence movement in Montenegro gained ground, resulting in a split among Montenegrins on the issue. Many now consider themselves to belong to a separate Montenegrin nation.

(Note: These terms can be also used to refer to any native inhabitants of the regions in question, regardless of ethnicity, i.e. to Magyar Vojvodinians or Croat Herzegovinians.)

Some Serbs, mostly living in Montenegro and Herzegovina are organised in clans. See: list of Serbian tribes.

[edit] Cognate peoples

These peoples are the closest relatives of Serbs:

  • by name: Sorbs or Serbs of Luzice

[edit] Maps

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

</div>

[edit] Notes

<references />

[edit] General references

  • Gonen, Amiram, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Peoples of the World. New York: Holt. 1993. ISBN 0-8050-2256-2. p. 525, gives the following statistics for Serb population in the former Yugoslavia
Serbia 6.2 million
Montenegro 0.3 million
Bosnia-Herzegovina 1.2 million
Croatia 0.2 million
ar:صرب

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