Szekszárd

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Coordinates: 46.35597° 18.70382°

Szekszárd
Country: Hungary
County: Tolna
Area: 96.27 km²
Population (2005):
- Density:
34,656
359.98/km²
Postal code: 7100
Area code: 74
Coordinates: 46.35597° N 18.70382° E

Szekszárd is a city in Hungary and the capital of Tolna county. By population Szekszárd is the smallest county capital in Hungary; by area it is the second smallest (after Tatabánya.)

Contents

[edit] Location

Szekszárd lies at the meeting point of the Transdanubian hills and the Great Hungarian Plain.

[edit] History

Szekszárd was first mentioned in 1015. The Benedictine monastery of the town was founded by King Béla I in 1061.

During the reign of King Matthias Szekszárd was the estate of Bishop John, who was involved in a conspiracy against the king. Because of this King Matthias ordered the castle of Szekszárd to be demolished.

Image:Megyeszékhely - Tolna megye - Szekszárd.jpg
Aerial photography: Szekszárd - Hungary

In 1485, Szekszárd was already a significant town, holding five market days a year, but during the Turkish occupation of Hungary the town became deserted and the monastery was destroyed.

By the 18th century Szekszárd was again a significant town, it became a county seat, and got a coat of arms. The town was destroyed by a fire in 1794, but it couldn't stop the town's development. Most of the important buildings – including the town hall, the county hall and several churches – were built during the 19th century. By this time Szekszárd already had 14,000 residents.

Mihály Babits, an important Hungarian poet was born in Szekszárd.

In 1994, Szekszárd was granted the rank of city with county rights, in accord with a new law stating that all county seats are cities with county rights. (Previously only cities with a population over 50,000 were granted county rights, and Szekszárd was one of only two county seats that had smaller population than 50,000; the other was Salgótarján).

[edit] Tourist sights

  • Old county hall (neo-Classical style)
  • Augusz manor (Franz Liszt was a guest here)
  • Deutsche Bühne, Ungarn (the only German theatre of the country)
  • Birthplace of Mihály Babits, museum
  • Ruins of Benedictine monastery

[edit] Twin towns

Szekszárd is twinned with:

[edit] External links

Counties of Hungary Image:Flag of Hungary.svg
Counties: Bács-Kiskun | Baranya | Békés | Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén | Csongrád | Fejér | Győr-Moson-Sopron | Hajdú-Bihar | Heves | Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok | Komárom-Esztergom | Nógrád | Pest | Somogy | Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg | Tolna | Vas | Veszprém | Zala
Urban counties: Békéscsaba | Debrecen | Dunaújváros | Eger | Érd | Győr | Hódmezővásárhely | Kaposvár | Kecskemét | Miskolc | Nagykanizsa | Nyíregyháza | Pécs | Salgótarján | Sopron | Szeged | Szekszárd | Székesfehérvár | Szolnok | Szombathely | Tatabánya | Veszprém | Zalaegerszeg
Capital: Budapest
See also: Administrative divisions of the Kingdom of Hungary; Geography of Hungary
bg:Сексард

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Szekszárd

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