Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919)

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For other treaties with this name see Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (disambiguation)

The Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, was signed on 10 September 1919 by the victorious Allies of World War I on the one hand and by the new Republic of Austria on the other. Like the Treaty of Versailles with Germany, it contained the Covenant of the League of Nations and as a result was not ratified by the United States. The treaty declared the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which was the third largest in the world of 1919 after the British Empire and the French Empire respectively; was to be dissolved. The new Republic of Austria, consisting of most of the German-speaking part of the former Austrian Empire, recognized the independence of Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Poland, and the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs. The treaty included 'war reparations' of large sums of money, directed towards the allies to help pay for the immense costs of the war.

Austria was reduced not only by the loss of crownlands incorporated into the newly created states of Czechoslovakia, Poland, and Yugoslavia (the “successor states”) but by the cession of Trentino, South Tyrol, Trieste, Istria and several Dalmatian islands to Italy and the cession of Bukovina to Romania. In total, it lost land to Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Poland, Romania, and Italy. Burgenland, then a part of Hungary, was awarded to Austria.

An important article of the treaty required Austria to refrain from directly or indirectly compromising its independence, which meant that Austria could not enter into political or economic union with Germany without the agreement of the council of the League of Nations. Accordingly, the new republic's initial self-chosen name of German Austria (Deutschösterreich) had to be changed to Austria.

The Austrian Army was limited to a force of 30,000 volunteers. There were numerous provisions dealing with Danubian navigation, the transfer of railroads, and other details involved in the breakup of a great empire into several small independent states. The Treaty of Trianon in November 1920 between Hungary and the Allies completed the disposition of the former Dual Monarchy.

The vast reduction of population, territory and resources of the new Austria relative to the old empire wreaked havoc on the economy of the old nation, most notably in Vienna, an imperial capital without an empire to support it.

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World War I
Theatres Main events Specific articles Participants See also

Sarajevo assassination
The July Ultimatum

Main theatres:
Western Front
Eastern Front
Italian Front
Middle Eastern Theatre
Balkan Theatre
Atlantic Theatre

Other theatres:
African Theatre
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General timeline:
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Battle of Liège
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First Battle of the Marne
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Great Arab Revolt
Second Battle of Arras (Vimy Ridge)
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Military engagements
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Partition of Ottoman Empire

Civilian impact and atrocities:
Armenian Genocide
Assyrian Genocide

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Paris Peace Conference
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of St. Germain
Treaty of Neuilly
Treaty of Trianon
Treaty of Sèvres
Treaty of Lausanne
League of Nations

Entente Powers
Image:Russian Empire 1914 17.svg Russian Empire
Image:Flag of France.svg France
Image:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Empire
  » Image:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
  » Image:Flag of Australia.svg Australia
  » Image:Flag of Canada-1868-Red.svg Canada
  » Image:Imperial-India-Blue-Ensign.svg India
  » Image:Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand
  » Image:Flag of Newfoundland.svg Newfoundland
  » Image:South Africa Red Ensign.png South Africa
Image:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy
Image:Rumania.gif Romania
Image:US flag 48 stars.svg United States
Image:Flaf of Serbia (1882-1918).png Serbia
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Image:Flag of the Republic of China 1912-1928.svg China
Image:Flag of Japan - variant.svg Japan
Image:Flag of Belgium.svg Belgium
Image:Old Flag of Montenegro.png Montenegro
Image:Flag of Greece (1828-1978).svg Greece
Image:Flag of Armenia.svg Armenia

Central Powers
Image:Flag of the German Empire.svg German Empire
Image:Flag of Austria-Hungary.svg Austria-Hungary
Image:Ottoman Flag.svg Ottoman Empire
Image:Bg-1913.gif Bulgaria

Category: World War I
A war to end all wars
Female roles
Total war
Spanish flu

Contemporaneous conflicts:
First Balkan War
Second Balkan War
Maritz Rebellion
Easter Rising
Russian Revolution
Russian Civil War
Finnish Civil War
North Russia Campaign
Wielkopolska Uprising
Polish–Soviet War
Turkish War of Independence also known as the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922)

bg:Сен-Жерменски договор

de:Vertrag von Saint-Germain es:Tratado de Saint-Germain-en-Laye fr:Traité de Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919) it:Trattato di Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919) he:חוזה סן-ז'רמן nl:Verdrag van Saint-Germain (1919) ja:サン=ジェルマン条約 pt:Tratado de Saint-Germain-en-Laye fi:Saint-Germainin sopimus uk:Сен-Жерменський мирний договір 1919 zh:聖日耳曼條約

Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919)

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