Udmurtia

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The Udmurt Republic (Russian: Удму́ртская респу́блика; Udmurt: Удмурт Элькун) or Udmurtia (Russian: Удму́ртия) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). The direct transliteration of the Republic's Russian name is Udmurtskaya Respublika or Udmurtiya; Udmurt name: Udmurt Elkun.

Udmurt Republic
Удмуртская республика
Удмурт Элькун
   
Image:Flag of Udmurtia.svg Image:Udmurtia Coat of Arms.jpg
Flag of Udmurtia Coat of arms of Udmurtia
Image:RussiaUdmurtia2005.png
Capital Izhevsk
Area

- total
- % water

Ranked 60th

- 42,100 km²
- negligible

Population

- Total
- Density

Ranked 29th

- est. 1,570,316 (2002)
- est. 37.3/km²

Political status Republic
Federal district Privolzhsky (Volga) Federal District
Economic Region Urals
Cadaster # 18
Official languages Russian, Udmurt
President Alexander Alexandrovich Volkov
Chairman of the Government Yuri Stepanovich Pitkevich
Legislature {{{LegiNm}}}
Anthem State anthem of the Udmurt Republic 

Contents

[edit] Geography

Udmurtia is located in the eastern portion of the Eastern European Plain, between the Kama and Vyatka Rivers.

[edit] Time zone

Udmurtia is located in the Samara Time Zone (SAMT/SAMST). UTC offset is +0400 (SAMT)/+0500 (SAMST).

[edit] Rivers

Major rivers include:

[edit] Lakes

While there are no large lakes in the Republic, Votkinskoye Reservoir is partially located on its territory.

[edit] Natural resources

Udmurtia's natural resources include oil, peat, mineral waters, and more. Oil reserves are estimated to be 820 million tons (as of 2002). Approximately 7–8 million tons are extracted annually. Most of the oil is exported.

Forests cover over 40% of the Republic's territory. Most of the forests are coniferous.

[edit] Climate

Udmurtia has moderate continental climate, with warm summers and cold winters with a lot of snow.

  • Average January temperature: −14.5°C
  • Average July temperature: +18.3°C
  • Average annual precipitation: 400–600 mm

[edit] Administrative divisions

[edit] Demographics

According to the 2002 Census, Russians at 944,108 make up 60.1% of the republic's population, while the ethnic Udmurts at 460,584 only make up 29.3%. Other groups include Tatars (109,218, or 7.0%), Ukrainians (11,527, or 0.7%), Mari (8,985, or 0.6%), and a host of smaller groups, each accounting for less than 0.5% of the republic's total population. 2,957 people (0.2%) did not indicate their nationalities during the Census.

Over two thirds of the world population of Udmurts live in Udmurtia. <ref>Template:Cite web The table at the bottom states that in "Udmurtiya"(the y is optional), the "% av gruppen"(% of total world population) is "69,46%" which is more or less two thirds.</ref>

  • Population: 1,570,316 (2002)
    • Urban: 1,094,338 (69.7%)
    • Rural: 475,978 (30.3%)
    • Male: 725,075 (46.2%)
    • Female: 843,241 (53.7%)
  • Females per 1000 males: 1,160
  • Average age: 35.8 years
    • Urban: 35.6 years
    • Rural: 36.1 years
    • Male: 32.8 years
    • Female: 38.4 years
  • Number of households: 552,862 (with 1,548,762 people)
    • Urban: 395,200 (with 1,084,281 people)
    • Rural: 157,662 (with 464,481 people)

[edit] History

Image:Udmurt03.png
Udmurtia map

A historical state that joined Russia were Ar begs.

Before November 4, 1920, when Votsk Autonomous Oblast was formed, the territory of modern day Udmurtia was divided between Kazan and Vyatka Governorships. On January 1, 1932, Votsk Autonomous Oblast was renamed Udmurt Autonomous Oblast, which was then reorganized into the Udmurt ASSR on December 28, 1934. The Udmurt Republic in its present form has existed since September 20, 1990.

[edit] Politics

The head of government in Udmurtia is the President, who is elected for a five-year term. As of 2006, the president is Alexander Alexandrovich Volkov, who assumed his post on November 3, 2000. Prior to the elections, Volkov was the Chairman of the Republic's Council—the highest post at that time.

The Republic's parliament is the State Council, popularly elected every five years. The State Council has 100 deputies.

The Republic's constitution was adopted on December 7, 1994.

[edit] Economy

Udmurtia is an industrialized Republic. The most developed industries include machine building, chemical, and oil and gas industries.

[edit] Culture

In Udmurtia, there are eight professional theaters, the Philharmonic Society, and more than ten state and numerous public museums which tell about history and culture of Udmurtia and its people, like the Museum of history and culture in Sarapul, or the Tchaikovsky Museum in Votkinsk. One of the oldest arms museums is located in Izhevsk.

See also: Music of Udmurtia

[edit] Education

The most important facilities of higher education include the Udmurt State University, Izhevsk State Technical University, and Izhevsk State Medical Academy, all located in the capital Izhevsk.

[edit] Religion

The majority of the Republic's population is atheist or Russian Orthodox. Shamanism is also practiced.

[edit] References

<references />

[edit] Further reading

  • Daniel Kalder.Lost Cosmonaut: Observations of an Anti-tourist . Scribner Book Company. ISBN 0-7432-8994-3.

[edit] External links

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