Vienna Awards

Learn more about Vienna Awards

Jump to: navigation, search

History of Hungary
Image:Flag of Hungary.svg
Ancient Hungary
Hungary before the Magyars
The Middle Ages
Kingdom of Hungary in the Middle Ages
Modern Times
Ottoman Hungary
Royal Hungary
18th and 19th century (up to early 1919)
Hungarian Soviet Republic
Between the Two World Wars
Communist Hungary
People's Republic of Hungary
Hungarian Revolution of 1956
Modern Hungary
Republic of Hungary
}"> |
}}This box: view  talk  edit</div>

The Vienna Awards are two arbitral awards by which arbiters of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy sought to enforce peacefully the claims of Hungary on territory it had lost in 1920 when it signed the Treaty of Trianon. The First Vienna Award occurred in 1938 and the Second in 1940.

The awards, also known as the Vienna Arbitration Awards, Vienna Arbitral Awards, Vienna Diktats, or Viennese Arbitrals, sanctioned Hungary's annexation of territories in present-day Slovakia, Ukraine and Romania which Hungary had sought to regain in the period between the two World Wars.

Hungary before and after the Vienna Awards

[edit] First Vienna Award

Main article: First Vienna Award

By this award, on November 2, 1938, Germany and Italy compelled Czechoslovakia to give/return southern Slovakia and southern Subcarpathia (now in Ukraine) to Hungary.

Part of a series on the
History of Romania
Roman Dacia
The Dark Ages
The Middle Ages
Early Modern Times
National awakening and
   Regulamentul Organic
Kingdom of Romania
Greater Romania
World War II
Communist Romania
Romanian Revolution
Romania since 1989
}"> |
}}This box: view  talk  edit</div>

[edit] Second Vienna Award

Main article: Second Vienna Award

By this award, on August 30, 1940, Germany and Italy compelled Romania to give/return half of Transylvania (an area henceforth known as Northern Transylvania) to Hungary. This decision was taken not so much to do justice as to win Hungary for German war aims.[citation needed] In reversing a major element of the Treaty of Trianon, it, like Trianon, granted a multiethnic area to another country, caused massive migration of populations from both sides, and sundered old socioeconomic units.

Besides the Second Vienna Award as such, on September 7, under the Treaty of Craiova, the Cadrilater or "Quadrilateral" (southern Dobrudja) was returned by Romania to Bulgaria. This territory had been part of Bulgaria from 1878 to 1913, at which time it had become part of Romania after Bulgaria's defeat in the Second Balkan Schiedsspruch hu:Bécsi döntések ro:Arbitrajele de la Viena zh:維也納仲裁裁決

Vienna Awards

Personal tools
what is world wizzy?
  • World Wizzy is a static snapshot taken of Wikipedia in early 2007. It cannot be edited and is online for historic & educational purposes only.